Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.18.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पा॒क॒त्रा स्थ॑न देवा हृ॒त्सु जा॑नीथ॒ मर्त्य॑म् । उप॑ द्व॒युं चाद्व॑युं च वसवः ॥
पाकत्रा स्थन देवा हृत्सु जानीथ मर्त्यम् । उप द्वयुं चाद्वयुं च वसवः ॥
pākatrā sthana devā hṛtsu jānītha martyam | upa dvayuṃ cādvayuṃ ca vasavaḥ ||

English translation:

“Deities, you are (propitious) to sincere (worshippers), you know, Vasus, the hearts of men, anddistinguish between the single and double-minded.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): irimbiṭhiḥ kāṇvaḥ [irimbiṭhi kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): ādityāḥ ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पा॒क॒ऽत्रा । स्थ॒न॒ । दे॒वाः॒ । हृ॒त्ऽसु । जा॒नी॒थ॒ । मर्त्य॑म् । उप॑ । द्व॒युम् । च॒ । अद्व॑युम् । च॒ । व॒स॒वः॒ ॥
पाकत्रा । स्थन । देवाः । हृत्सु । जानीथ । मर्त्यम् । उप । द्वयुम् । च । अद्वयुम् । च । वसवः ॥
pāka-trā | sthana | devāḥ | hṛt-su | jānītha | martyam | upa | dvayum | ca | advayum | ca | vasavaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.18.15 English analysis of grammar]



sthana < as

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

devā < devāḥ < deva

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

hṛtsu < hṛd

[noun], locative, plural

“heart; heart; mind; breast; hṛd [word].”

jānītha < jñā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; come to know; notice; determine; think of; find; learn; perceive; identify; recognize; understand; know; learn; ascertain; detect; deem.”

martyam < martya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“man; people; martya [word]; Earth.”



“towards; on; next.”

dvayuṃ < dvayum < dvayu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

cādvayuṃ < ca


“and; besides; then; now; even.”

cādvayuṃ < advayum < advayu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

vasavaḥ < vasu

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“good; good; benign; vasu [word].”

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