Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.14.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वं हि स्तो॑म॒वर्ध॑न॒ इन्द्रास्यु॑क्थ॒वर्ध॑नः । स्तो॒तॄ॒णामु॒त भ॑द्र॒कृत् ॥
त्वं हि स्तोमवर्धन इन्द्रास्युक्थवर्धनः । स्तोतॄणामुत भद्रकृत् ॥
tvaṃ hi stomavardhana indrāsy ukthavardhanaḥ | stotṝṇām uta bhadrakṛt ||

English translation:

“You, Indra, are to be magnified by praise, you are to be magnified by prayer; you are the benefactor ofthose who praise you.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): goṣūktyaśvasūktinau kāṇvāyanau;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वम् । हि । स्तो॒म॒ऽवर्ध॑नः । इन्द्र॑ । असि॑ । उ॒क्थ॒ऽवर्ध॑नः । स्तो॒तॄ॒णाम् । उ॒त । भ॒द्र॒ऽकृत् ॥
त्वम् । हि । स्तोमवर्धनः । इन्द्र । असि । उक्थवर्धनः । स्तोतॄणाम् । उत । भद्रकृत् ॥
tvam | hi | stoma-vardhanaḥ | indra | asi | uktha-vardhanaḥ | stotṝṇām | uta | bhadra-kṛt

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.14.11 English analysis of grammar]

tvaṃ < tvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, singular

“you.”

hi

[adverb]

“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

stomavardhana < stoma

[noun], masculine

“hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

stomavardhana < vardhana

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“increasing; fortifying; promotive; prolonging.”

indrāsy < indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrāsy < asi < as

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

ukthavardhanaḥ < uktha

[noun], neuter

“hymn; praise; uktha [word]; encomium.”

ukthavardhanaḥ < vardhanaḥ < vardhana

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“increasing; fortifying; promotive; prolonging.”

stotṝṇām < stotṛ

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“laudatory; worshiping.”

uta

[adverb]

“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

bhadrakṛt < bhadra

[noun]

“auspicious; lovely; good; happy; bhadra [word]; lucky; fine-looking; beautiful.”

bhadrakṛt < kṛt

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“causing; making; performing; promotive; producing; doing; acting; writing; transforming; effecting.”

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