Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.14.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यदि॑न्द्रा॒हं यथा॒ त्वमीशी॑य॒ वस्व॒ एक॒ इत् । स्तो॒ता मे॒ गोष॑खा स्यात् ॥
यदिन्द्राहं यथा त्वमीशीय वस्व एक इत् । स्तोता मे गोषखा स्यात् ॥
yad indrāhaṃ yathā tvam īśīya vasva eka it | stotā me goṣakhā syāt ||

English translation:

“If, Indra, I were, as you are, sole, lord over wealth, then should my eulogist be possessed of cattle.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): goṣūktyaśvasūktinau kāṇvāyanau;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यत् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । अ॒हम् । यथा॑ । त्वम् । ईशी॑य । वस्वः॑ । एकः॑ । इत् । स्तो॒ता । मे॒ । गोऽस॑खा । स्या॒त् ॥
यत् । इन्द्र । अहम् । यथा । त्वम् । ईशीय । वस्वः । एकः । इत् । स्तोता । मे । गोसखा । स्यात् ॥
yat | indra | aham | yathā | tvam | īśīya | vasvaḥ | ekaḥ | it | stotā | me | go--sakhā | syāt

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.14.1 English analysis of grammar]

yad < yat


“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

indrāhaṃ < indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrāhaṃ < aham < mad

[noun], nominative, singular

“I; mine.”



“equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

tvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, singular


īśīya < īś

[verb], singular, Present optative

“govern; command; master; dominate; can; reign; control; own.”

vasva < vasvaḥ < vasu

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“Vasu; Vasu; eight; vas; audbhida; Deva; sun; pāṃśuja; Agni.”

eka < ekaḥ < eka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“one; single(a); alone(p); some(a); single(a); eka [word]; alone(p); excellent; each(a); some(a); one; same; alone(p); some(a); consistent; any(a); undifferentiated; disjunct.”

it < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

stotā < stotṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“laudatory; worshiping.”

me < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

goṣakhā < go

[noun], masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

goṣakhā < sakhā < sakhi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; companion; sakhi [word].”

syāt < as

[verb], singular, Present optative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

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