Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.13.32

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृषा॒ ग्रावा॒ वृषा॒ मदो॒ वृषा॒ सोमो॑ अ॒यं सु॒तः । वृषा॑ य॒ज्ञो यमिन्व॑सि॒ वृषा॒ हव॑: ॥
वृषा ग्रावा वृषा मदो वृषा सोमो अयं सुतः । वृषा यज्ञो यमिन्वसि वृषा हवः ॥
vṛṣā grāvā vṛṣā mado vṛṣā somo ayaṃ sutaḥ | vṛṣā yajño yam invasi vṛṣā havaḥ ||

English translation:

“The stone (that bruises the Soma) is the showerer (of benefits), so is your exhilaration and this Somathat is effused; the sacrifice that you accept is the showerer (of benefits),such also is your invocation.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Vṛṣā: isreiterated in the following ṛcas; vṛṣā yam indra te ratha uto te vṛṣaṇa havi = kāmānām varṣitā

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nāradaḥ kāṇvaḥ [nārada kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): uṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृषा॑ । ग्रावा॑ । वृषा॑ । मदः॑ । वृषा॑ । सोमः॑ । अ॒यम् । सु॒तः । वृषा॑ । य॒ज्ञः । यम् । इन्व॑सि । वृषा॑ । हवः॑ ॥
वृषा । ग्रावा । वृषा । मदः । वृषा । सोमः । अयम् । सुतः । वृषा । यज्ञः । यम् । इन्वसि । वृषा । हवः ॥
vṛṣā | grāvā | vṛṣā | madaḥ | vṛṣā | somaḥ | ayam | sutaḥ | vṛṣā | yajñaḥ | yam | invasi | vṛṣā | havaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.13.32 English analysis of grammar]

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

grāvā < grāvan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“stone; millstone; grindstone; mountain.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

mado < madaḥ < mada

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“drunkenness; mada; estrus; excitement; sexual arousal; alcohol; musth; mad; mada; ecstasy; pride; drink; joy; arrogance; vivification.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

somo < somaḥ < soma

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

ayaṃ < ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

sutaḥ < su

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“press out; su.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

yajño < yajñaḥ < yajña

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

yam < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

invasi < inv

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“bring; drive.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

havaḥ < hava

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“invocation.”

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