Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.13.31

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृषा॒यमि॑न्द्र ते॒ रथ॑ उ॒तो ते॒ वृष॑णा॒ हरी॑ । वृषा॒ त्वं श॑तक्रतो॒ वृषा॒ हव॑: ॥
वृषायमिन्द्र ते रथ उतो ते वृषणा हरी । वृषा त्वं शतक्रतो वृषा हवः ॥
vṛṣāyam indra te ratha uto te vṛṣaṇā harī | vṛṣā tvaṃ śatakrato vṛṣā havaḥ ||

English translation:

“Your chariot, Indra, is a showerer (of benefits), showerers (of benefits) are your horses; you alsoŚatakratu, are the showerer (of benefits) the invocation (addressed to you) is the showerer (of benefits).”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nāradaḥ kāṇvaḥ [nārada kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृषा॑ । अ॒यम् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । ते॒ । रथः॑ । उ॒तो इति॑ । ते॒ । वृष॑णा । हरी॒ इति॑ । वृषा॑ । त्वम् । श॒त॒ऽक्र॒तो॒ इति॑ शतऽक्रतो । वृषा॑ । हवः॑ ॥
वृषा । अयम् । इन्द्र । ते । रथः । उतो इति । ते । वृषणा । हरी इति । वृषा । त्वम् । शतक्रतो इति शतक्रतो । वृषा । हवः ॥
vṛṣā | ayam | indra | te | rathaḥ | uto iti | te | vṛṣaṇā | harī iti | vṛṣā | tvam | śata-krato itiśata-krato | vṛṣā | havaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.13.31 English analysis of grammar]

vṛṣāyam < vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

vṛṣāyam < ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular

“you.”

ratha < rathaḥ < ratha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

uto < uta

[adverb]

“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

uto < u

[adverb]

“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular

“you.”

vṛṣaṇā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

harī < hari

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“Vishnu; monkey; Krishna; horse; lion; Indra; Hari; Surya; Hari; haritāla; Hari; snake; frog.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

tvaṃ < tvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, singular

“you.”

śatakrato < śatakratu

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

havaḥ < hava

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“invocation.”

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