Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.13.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तू॒तु॒जा॒नो म॑हेम॒तेऽश्वे॑भिः प्रुषि॒तप्सु॑भिः । आ या॑हि य॒ज्ञमा॒शुभि॒: शमिद्धि ते॑ ॥
तूतुजानो महेमतेऽश्वेभिः प्रुषितप्सुभिः । आ याहि यज्ञमाशुभिः शमिद्धि ते ॥
tūtujāno mahemate 'śvebhiḥ pruṣitapsubhiḥ | ā yāhi yajñam āśubhiḥ śam id dhi te ||

English translation:

“Munificently minded, do you, who are quick of movement, come with shining and swift steeds to thesacrifice, for verily there is gratification to you thereby.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nāradaḥ kāṇvaḥ [nārada kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तू॒तु॒जा॒नः । म॒हे॒ऽम॒ते । अश्वे॑भिः । प्रु॒षि॒तप्सु॑ऽभिः । आ । या॒हि॒ । य॒ज्ञम् । आ॒शुऽभिः॑ । शम् । इत् । हि । ते॒ ॥
तूतुजानः । महेमते । अश्वेभिः । प्रुषितप्सुभिः । आ । याहि । यज्ञम् । आशुभिः । शम् । इत् । हि । ते ॥
tūtujānaḥ | mahe--mate | aśvebhiḥ | pruṣitapsu-bhiḥ | ā | yāhi | yajñam | āśu-bhiḥ | śam | it | hi | te

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.13.11 English analysis of grammar]

tūtujāno < tūtujānaḥ < tuj

[verb noun], nominative, singular


mahemate < mahemati

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

'śvebhiḥ < aśvebhiḥ < aśva

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

pruṣitapsubhiḥ < pruṣitapsu

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine




“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

yāhi <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”

yajñam < yajña

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

āśubhiḥ < āśu

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“quick; fast; immediate; agile.”


[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“luck; well-being; fortune.”

iddhi < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

iddhi < hi


“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

te < tvad

[noun], dative, singular


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