Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.13.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स प्र॑थ॒मे व्यो॑मनि दे॒वानां॒ सद॑ने वृ॒धः । सु॒पा॒रः सु॒श्रव॑स्तम॒: सम॑प्सु॒जित् ॥
स प्रथमे व्योमनि देवानां सदने वृधः । सुपारः सुश्रवस्तमः समप्सुजित् ॥
sa prathame vyomani devānāṃ sadane vṛdhaḥ | supāraḥ suśravastamaḥ sam apsujit ||

English translation:

“Abiding in the highest heaven, in the dwelling of the gods, he is the giver of increase, the accomplisher(of works), the possessor of great renown, the conqueror of (the obstructer of) the rains.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nāradaḥ kāṇvaḥ [nārada kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): uṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सः । प्र॒थ॒मे । विऽओ॑मनि । दे॒वाना॑म् । सद॑ने । वृ॒धः । सु॒ऽपा॒रः । सु॒श्रवः॑ऽतमः । सम् । अ॒प्सु॒ऽजित् ॥
सः । प्रथमे । विओमनि । देवानाम् । सदने । वृधः । सुपारः । सुश्रवःतमः । सम् । अप्सुजित् ॥
saḥ | prathame | vi-omani | devānām | sadane | vṛdhaḥ | su-pāraḥ | suśravaḥ-tamaḥ | sam | apsu-jit

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.13.2 English analysis of grammar]

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

prathame < prathama

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“first; prathama [word]; third; young; chief(a); best; antecedent.”

vyomani < vyoman

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“abhra; sky; ākāśa; Svarga; Vyoman.”

devānāṃ < devānām < deva

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

sadane < sadana

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“seat; weakness; inertness; dwelling; exhaustion; numbness; home; residence; seat; inanition; location.”

vṛdhaḥ < vṛdha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“increasing; promotive.”

supāraḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

supāraḥ < pāraḥ < pāra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“shore; pāra [word]; end; excellence.”

suśravastamaḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suśravastamaḥ < śravastamaḥ < śravastama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine



“sam; together; together; saṃ.”


[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

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