Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.5.22

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क॒दा वां॑ तौ॒ग्र्यो वि॑धत्समु॒द्रे ज॑हि॒तो न॑रा । यद्वां॒ रथो॒ विभि॒ष्पता॑त् ॥
कदा वां तौग्र्यो विधत्समुद्रे जहितो नरा । यद्वां रथो विभिष्पतात् ॥
kadā vāṃ taugryo vidhat samudre jahito narā | yad vāṃ ratho vibhiṣ patāt ||

English translation:

“When did the son of Tugra, thrown into the ocean, glorify you, leaders (of rites)? then when yourchariot and horses descended.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): brahmātithiḥ kāṇvaḥ [brahmātithi kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क॒दा । वा॒म् । तौ॒ग्र्यः । वि॒ध॒त् । स॒मु॒द्रे । ज॒हि॒तः । न॒रा॒ । यत् । वा॒म् । रथः॑ । विऽभिः॑ । पता॑त् ॥
कदा । वाम् । तौग्र्यः । विधत् । समुद्रे । जहितः । नरा । यत् । वाम् । रथः । विभिः । पतात् ॥
kadā | vām | taugryaḥ | vidhat | samudre | jahitaḥ | narā | yat | vām | rathaḥ | vi-bhiḥ | patāt

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.5.22 English analysis of grammar]



“when; kadā [word].”

vāṃ < vām < tvad

[noun], accusative, dual


taugryo < taugryaḥ < taugrya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


vidhat < vidh

[verb], singular, Present injunctive

“worship; offer.”

samudre < samudra

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“ocean; Samudra; sea; samudra [word]; four.”

jahito < jahitaḥ <

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“abandon; decrease; want; kill; deteriorate; get rid of; exclude; lose; avoid; remove; leave; abandon; neglect; leave; discard; apostatize; discontinue; weaken; abandon; assail; subtract; foreswear; pour away; withdraw; depart; reduce.”

narā < nṛ

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“man; man; nṛ [word]; crew; masculine.”

yad < yat


“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

vāṃ < vām < tvad

[noun], genitive, dual


ratho < rathaḥ < ratha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

vibhiṣ < vibhiḥ < vi

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“vi; bird; vi.”

patāt < pat

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“fall down; drop; fly; issue; fall; fall; decay; hang down; banish; throw; lodge; disappear.”

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