Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.5.18

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स्माक॑म॒द्य वा॑म॒यं स्तोमो॒ वाहि॑ष्ठो॒ अन्त॑मः । यु॒वाभ्यां॑ भूत्वश्विना ॥
अस्माकमद्य वामयं स्तोमो वाहिष्ठो अन्तमः । युवाभ्यां भूत्वश्विना ॥
asmākam adya vām ayaṃ stomo vāhiṣṭho antamaḥ | yuvābhyām bhūtv aśvinā ||

English translation:

“May this our praise today be conveyed successfully to you, Aśvins, and be most near to you.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): brahmātithiḥ kāṇvaḥ [brahmātithi kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अस्माक॑म् । अ॒द्य । वा॒म् । अ॒यम् । स्तोमः॑ । वाहि॑ष्ठः । अन्त॑मः । यु॒वाभ्या॑म् । भू॒तु॒ । अ॒श्वि॒ना॒ ॥
अस्माकम् । अद्य । वाम् । अयम् । स्तोमः । वाहिष्ठः । अन्तमः । युवाभ्याम् । भूतु । अश्विना ॥
asmākam | adya | vām | ayam | stomaḥ | vāhiṣṭhaḥ | antamaḥ | yuvābhyām | bhūtu | aśvi nā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.5.18 English analysis of grammar]

asmākam < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”



“now; today; then; nowadays; adya [word].”

vām < tvad

[noun], accusative, dual


ayaṃ < ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

stomo < stomaḥ < stoma

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

vāhiṣṭho < vāhiṣṭhaḥ < vāhiṣṭha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

antamaḥ < antama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“intimate; bosom(a).”

yuvābhyām < tvad

[noun], dative, dual


bhūtv < bhūtu < bhū

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

aśvinā < aśvin

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; two.”

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