Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.2.24

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यो वेदि॑ष्ठो अव्य॒थिष्वश्वा॑वन्तं जरि॒तृभ्य॑: । वाजं॑ स्तो॒तृभ्यो॒ गोम॑न्तम् ॥
यो वेदिष्ठो अव्यथिष्वश्वावन्तं जरितृभ्यः । वाजं स्तोतृभ्यो गोमन्तम् ॥
yo vediṣṭho avyathiṣv aśvāvantaṃ jaritṛbhyaḥ | vājaṃ stotṛbhyo gomantam ||

English translation:

“He who most recognisant of (the merit) of those who give him no annoyance, bestows upon his adorersand praisers food with horses and cattle.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): medhātithiḥ kāṇvaḥ priyamedhaścāṅgirasaḥ [medhātithi kāṇva priyamedhaścāṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdārṣīgāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः । वेदि॑ष्ठः । अ॒व्य॒थिषु॑ । अश्व॑ऽवन्तम् । ज॒रि॒तृऽभ्यः॑ । वाज॑म् । स्तो॒तृऽभ्यः॑ । गोऽम॑न्तम् ॥
यः । वेदिष्ठः । अव्यथिषु । अश्ववन्तम् । जरितृभ्यः । वाजम् । स्तोतृभ्यः । गोमन्तम् ॥
yaḥ | vediṣṭhaḥ | avyathiṣu | aśva-vantam | jaritṛ-bhyaḥ | vājam | stotṛ-bhyaḥ | go--mantam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.2.24 English analysis of grammar]

yo < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

vediṣṭho < vediṣṭhaḥ < vediṣṭha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

avyathiṣv < avyathiṣu < avyathi

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“surefooted.”

aśvāvantaṃ < aśvāvantam < aśvāvat

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“rich in horses.”

jaritṛbhyaḥ < jaritṛ

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“singer.”

vājaṃ < vājam < vāja

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“prize; Vāja; reward; reward; Ribhus; vigor; strength; contest.”

stotṛbhyo < stotṛbhyaḥ < stotṛ

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“laudatory; worshiping.”

gomantam < gomat

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“rich in cattle; bovine.”

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