Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.2.23

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ज्येष्ठे॑न सोत॒रिन्द्रा॑य॒ सोमं॑ वी॒राय॑ श॒क्राय॑ । भरा॒ पिब॒न्नर्या॑य ॥
ज्येष्ठेन सोतरिन्द्राय सोमं वीराय शक्राय । भरा पिबन्नर्याय ॥
jyeṣṭhena sotar indrāya somaṃ vīrāya śakrāya | bharā piban naryāya ||

English translation:

“Offer, worshipper, the libation in the first plural ce to the hero, the powerful Indra, the benefactor of man;may he drink (of it).”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

In the first plural ce: allusion to the aindravāyava graha


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): medhātithiḥ kāṇvaḥ priyamedhaścāṅgirasaḥ [medhātithi kāṇva priyamedhaścāṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdārṣīgāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ज्येष्ठे॑न । सो॒तः॒ । इन्द्रा॑य । सोम॑म् । वी॒राय॑ । श॒क्राय॑ । भर॑ । पिब॑त् । नर्या॑य ॥
ज्येष्ठेन । सोतः । इन्द्राय । सोमम् । वीराय । शक्राय । भर । पिबत् । नर्याय ॥
jyeṣṭhena | sotaḥ | indrāya | somam | vīrāya | śakrāya | bhara | pibat | naryāya

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.2.23 English analysis of grammar]

jyeṣṭhena < jyeṣṭha

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“firstborn; best; first; excellent; highest; jyeṣṭha [word].”

sotar < sotṛ

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

somaṃ < somam < soma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

vīrāya < vīra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“hero; man; Vīra; vīra; vīra [word]; Vīra.”

śakrāya < śakra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight et Arn.; ivory tree.”

bharā < bhara < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

piban <

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

naryāya < narya

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“manly; heroic; powerful; male; human.”

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