Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.2.14

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒क्थं च॒न श॒स्यमा॑न॒मगो॑र॒रिरा चि॑केत । न गा॑य॒त्रं गी॒यमा॑नम् ॥
उक्थं चन शस्यमानमगोररिरा चिकेत । न गायत्रं गीयमानम् ॥
ukthaṃ cana śasyamānam agor arir ā ciketa | na gāyatraṃ gīyamānam ||

English translation:

“(Indra), the enemy of the unbeliever, apprehends whatever prayer is being repeated, whatever chant isbeing chanted.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Agor arir ā ciketa, the enemy of him who does not praise, astutus' śatrur indraḥ

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): medhātithiḥ kāṇvaḥ priyamedhaścāṅgirasaḥ [medhātithi kāṇva priyamedhaścāṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): ārṣīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒क्थम् । च॒न । श॒स्यमा॑नम् । अगोः॑ । अ॒रिः । आ । चि॒के॒त॒ । न । गा॒य॒त्रम् । गी॒यमा॑नम् ॥
उक्थम् । चन । शस्यमानम् । अगोः । अरिः । आ । चिकेत । न । गायत्रम् । गीयमानम् ॥
uktham | cana | śasyamānam | agoḥ | ariḥ | ā | ciketa | na | gāyatram | gīyamānam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.2.14 English analysis of grammar]

ukthaṃ < uktham < uktha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“hymn; praise; uktha [word]; encomium.”

cana

[adverb]

“not even; cana [word].”

śasyamānam < śaṃs

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“recommend; tell; praise; approve; communicate; recite; commend; bode; name; agree.”

agor < agoḥ < agu

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

arir < ariḥ < ari

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

ciketa < cit

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“notice; observe; attend to; intend.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

gāyatraṃ < gāyatram < gāyatra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Gāyatrī; Gāyatra.”

gīyamānam <

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“sing; praise; jap; recite; describe.”

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