Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.74.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यु॒वं चि॒त्रं द॑दथु॒र्भोज॑नं नरा॒ चोदे॑थां सू॒नृता॑वते । अ॒र्वाग्रथं॒ सम॑नसा॒ नि य॑च्छतं॒ पिब॑तं सो॒म्यं मधु॑ ॥
युवं चित्रं ददथुर्भोजनं नरा चोदेथां सूनृतावते । अर्वाग्रथं समनसा नि यच्छतं पिबतं सोम्यं मधु ॥
yuvaṃ citraṃ dadathur bhojanaṃ narā codethāṃ sūnṛtāvate | arvāg rathaṃ samanasā ni yacchatam pibataṃ somyam madhu ||

English translation:

“You are possessed, leaders (of rites), of marvellous wealth; bestow upon him who sincerely praisesyou; alike favourable-minded, direct your chariot to our presence; drink the sweet Soma.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): ārṣībhurigbṛhatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यु॒वम् । चि॒त्रम् । द॒द॒थुः॒ । भोज॑नम् । न॒रा॒ । चोदे॑थाम् । सू॒नृता॑ऽवते । अ॒र्वाक् । रथ॑म् । सऽम॑नसा । नि । य॒च्छ॒त॒म् । पिब॑तम् । सो॒म्यम् । मधु॑ ॥
युवम् । चित्रम् । ददथुः । भोजनम् । नरा । चोदेथाम् । सूनृतावते । अर्वाक् । रथम् । समनसा । नि । यच्छतम् । पिबतम् । सोम्यम् । मधु ॥
yuvam | citram | dadathuḥ | bhojanam | narā | codethām | sūnṛtāvate | arvāk | ratham | sa-manasā | ni | yacchatam | pibatam | somyam | madhu

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.74.2 English analysis of grammar]

yuvaṃ < yuvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, dual


citraṃ < citram < citra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“manifold; extraordinary; beautiful; divers(a); varicolored; bright; bright; bright; outstanding; agitated; aglitter(p); brilliant; painted; obvious; patched; bizarre.”

dadathur < dadathuḥ <

[verb], dual, Perfect indicative

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

bhojanaṃ < bhojanam < bhojana

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“food; eating; foodstuff; meal; property; sevana; enjoyment.”

narā < nṛ

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“man; man; nṛ [word]; crew; masculine.”

codethāṃ < codethām < cud

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“urge; rush.”

sūnṛtāvate < sūnṛtāvat

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“happy; big; auspicious.”

arvāg < arvāk



rathaṃ < ratham < ratha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

samanasā < samanas

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine




“back; down.”

yacchatam < yam

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“concentrate; grant; restrain; cause; control; offer; cover; raise.”

pibataṃ < pibatam <

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

somyam < somya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter



[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“honey; alcohol; sweet; nectar; madhu [word].”

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