Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.66.17

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

काव्ये॑भिरदा॒भ्या या॑तं वरुण द्यु॒मत् । मि॒त्रश्च॒ सोम॑पीतये ॥
काव्येभिरदाभ्या यातं वरुण द्युमत् । मित्रश्च सोमपीतये ॥
kāvyebhir adābhyā yātaṃ varuṇa dyumat | mitraś ca somapītaye ||

English translation:

“Unconquerable, resplendent Varuṇa and Mitra, (induced) by our praises, come to drink the Soma.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

काव्ये॑भिः । अ॒दा॒भ्या॒ । आ । या॒त॒म् । व॒रु॒ण॒ । द्यु॒ऽमत् । मि॒त्रः । च॒ । सोम॑ऽपीतये ॥
काव्येभिः । अदाभ्या । आ । यातम् । वरुण । द्युमत् । मित्रः । च । सोमपीतये ॥
kāvyebhiḥ | adābhyā | ā | yātam | varuṇa | dyu-mat | mitraḥ | ca | soma-pītaye

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.66.17 English analysis of grammar]

kāvyebhir < kāvyebhiḥ < kāvya

[noun], instrumental, plural, neuter

“Uśanas; poem; Kāvya; wisdom.”

adābhyā < adābhya

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“trustworthy; disabused(p).”

yātaṃ < yātam <

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”


[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“bright; brilliant; brilliant; loud.”

mitraś < mitraḥ < mitra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

somapītaye < soma

[noun], masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somapītaye < pītaye < pīti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“drinking; haritāla.”

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