Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 7.38.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अपि॑ ष्टु॒तः स॑वि॒ता दे॒वो अ॑स्तु॒ यमा चि॒द्विश्वे॒ वस॑वो गृ॒णन्ति॑ । स न॒: स्तोमा॑न्नम॒स्य१॒॑श्चनो॑ धा॒द्विश्वे॑भिः पातु पा॒युभि॒र्नि सू॒रीन् ॥
अपि ष्टुतः सविता देवो अस्तु यमा चिद्विश्वे वसवो गृणन्ति । स नः स्तोमान्नमस्यश्चनो धाद्विश्वेभिः पातु पायुभिर्नि सूरीन् ॥
api ṣṭutaḥ savitā devo astu yam ā cid viśve vasavo gṛṇanti | sa naḥ stomān namasyaś cano dhād viśvebhiḥ pātu pāyubhir ni sūrīn ||

English translation:

“Glorified be the divine Savitā, whom all the gods praise; may that adorable (diviniy) require our praises(with) food; may he always protect the devout with all his protections.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Whom all the gods praise: yam viśvevasavo grṇanti, whom all the Vasus praise; here vasavaḥ = devāḥ


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): savitā ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अपि॑ । स्तु॒तः । स॒वि॒ता । दे॒वः । अ॒स्तु॒ । यम् । आ । चि॒त् । विश्वे॑ । वस॑वः । गृ॒णन्ति॑ । सः । नः॒ । स्तोमा॑न् । न॒म॒स्यः॑ । चनः॑ । धा॒त् । विश्वे॑भिः । पा॒तु॒ । पा॒युऽभिः॑ । नि । सू॒रीन् ॥
अपि । स्तुतः । सविता । देवः । अस्तु । यम् । आ । चित् । विश्वे । वसवः । गृणन्ति । सः । नः । स्तोमान् । नमस्यः । चनः । धात् । विश्वेभिः । पातु । पायुभिः । नि । सूरीन् ॥
api | stutaḥ | savitā | devaḥ | astu | yam | ā | cit | viśve | vasavaḥ | gṛṇanti | saḥ | naḥ | stomān | namasyaḥ | canaḥ | dhāt | viśvebhiḥ | pātu | pāyu-bhiḥ | ni | sūrīn

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.38.3 English analysis of grammar]



“besides; even; surely; though; furthermore; among; contrastingly; assuredly.”

ṣṭutaḥ < stutaḥ < stu

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“laud; praise; declare; stu.”

savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

devo < devaḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

astu < as

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

yam < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

cid < cit


“even; indeed.”

viśve < viśva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

vasavo < vasavaḥ < vasu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Vasu; Vasu; eight; vas; audbhida; Deva; sun; pāṃśuja; Agni.”

gṛṇanti < gṛ

[verb], plural, Present indikative


sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

na < naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

stomān < stoma

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

namasyaś < namasyaḥ < namasya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“honorable; august; respectful; esteemed.”

cano < canaḥ < canas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


dhād < dhāt < dhā

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

viśvebhiḥ < viśva

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

pātu <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“protect; govern.”

pāyubhir < pāyubhiḥ < pāyu

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“guard; pāyu [word]; Pāyu.”



“back; down.”

sūrīn < sūri

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine


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