Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.34.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ह्वया॑मि दे॒वाँ अया॑तुरग्ने॒ साध॑न्नृ॒तेन॒ धियं॑ दधामि ॥
ह्वयामि देवाँ अयातुरग्ने साधन्नृतेन धियं दधामि ॥
hvayāmi devām̐ ayātur agne sādhann ṛtena dhiyaṃ dadhāmi ||

English translation:

“I invoke the gods, Agni, propitiating them by an inoffensive rite, I celebrate a pious act.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Inoffensive rite:ayātuḥ sādhanṛtena: ayātuḥ = ayātuna, an epithet of ṛtena, ahiṃsakena, yajñena, intending perhaps onewithout animal victims

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttripādgāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ह्वया॑मि । दे॒वान् । अया॑तुः । अ॒ग्ने॒ । साध॑न् । ऋ॒तेन॑ । धिय॑म् । द॒धा॒मि॒ ॥
ह्वयामि । देवान् । अयातुः । अग्ने । साधन् । ऋतेन । धियम् । दधामि ॥
hvayāmi | devān | ayātuḥ | agne | sādhan | ṛtena | dhiyam | dadhāmi

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.34.8 English analysis of grammar]

hvayāmi < hvā

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

devāṃ < deva

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

ayātur < a

[adverb]

“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

ayātur < yātuḥ < yātu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“monster; mythical monster; sorcerer; yātu [word]; witchcraft; sorcery.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

sādhann < sādhan < sādh

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“promote; succeed.”

ṛtena < ṛta

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“truth; order; fixed order; ṛta [word]; law; custom; custom.”

dhiyaṃ < dhiyam < dhī

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“intelligence; prayer; mind; insight; idea; hymn; purpose; art; knowledge.”

dadhāmi < dhā

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

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