Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.34.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒भि प्र स्था॒ताहे॑व य॒ज्ञं याते॑व॒ पत्म॒न्त्मना॑ हिनोत ॥
अभि प्र स्थाताहेव यज्ञं यातेव पत्मन्त्मना हिनोत ॥
abhi pra sthātāheva yajñaṃ yāteva patman tmanā hinota ||

English translation:

“Proceed to the sacrifice like one who goes along the road; proceed of your own accord.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): bhurigārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒भि । प्र । स्था॒त॒ । अह॑ऽइव । य॒ज्ञम् । याता॑ऽइव । पत्म॑न् । त्मना॑ । हि॒नो॒त॒ ॥
अभि । प्र । स्थात । अहइव । यज्ञम् । याताइव । पत्मन् । त्मना । हिनोत ॥
abhi | pra | sthāta | aha-iva | yajñam | yātāiva | patman | tmanā | hinota

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.34.5 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; on.”



“towards; ahead.”

sthātāheva < sthāta < sthā

[verb], plural, Aorist imperative

“stay; stand; situate; exist; [in]; resist; endure; put; soak; be; stop; adhere; get stale; concentrate; grow; trust; wake; consociate; last; dwell; lie; stand; stop.”

sthātāheva < ahā < aha

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“day; aha [word]; day.”

sthātāheva < iva


“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

yajñaṃ < yajñam < yajña

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

yāteva < yātā < yātṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

yāteva < iva


“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”


[noun], locative, singular, neuter


tmanā < tman

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine


hinota < hi

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“impel; send; spur; stimulate; urge.”

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