Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.7.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒द्यो अ॑ध्व॒रे र॑थि॒रं ज॑नन्त॒ मानु॑षासो॒ विचे॑तसो॒ य ए॑षाम् । वि॒शाम॑धायि वि॒श्पति॑र्दुरो॒णे॒३॒॑ऽग्निर्म॒न्द्रो मधु॑वचा ऋ॒तावा॑ ॥
सद्यो अध्वरे रथिरं जनन्त मानुषासो विचेतसो य एषाम् । विशामधायि विश्पतिर्दुरोणेऽग्निर्मन्द्रो मधुवचा ऋतावा ॥
sadyo adhvare rathiraṃ jananta mānuṣāso vicetaso ya eṣām | viśām adhāyi viśpatir duroṇe 'gnir mandro madhuvacā ṛtāvā ||

English translation:

“Judicious men promptly genitive rate at the sacred rite the directing (Agni), who (may convey) their(oblations); Agni, the lord of men, the giver of delight, the swee-spoken, the celebrator of sacrifices, has beenestablished in the dwelling of the people.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒द्यः । अ॒ध्व॒रे । र॒थि॒रम् । ज॒न॒न्त॒ । मानु॑षासः । विऽचे॑तसः । यः । ए॒षा॒म् । वि॒शाम् । अ॒धा॒यि॒ । वि॒श्पतिः॑ । दु॒रो॒णे । अ॒ग्निः । म॒न्द्रः । मधु॑ऽवचाः । ऋ॒तऽवा॑ ॥
सद्यः । अध्वरे । रथिरम् । जनन्त । मानुषासः । विचेतसः । यः । एषाम् । विशाम् । अधायि । विश्पतिः । दुरोणे । अग्निः । मन्द्रः । मधुवचाः । ऋतवा ॥
sadyaḥ | adhvare | rathiram | jananta | mānuṣāsaḥ | vi-cetasaḥ | yaḥ | eṣām | viśām | adhāyi | viśpatiḥ | duroṇe | agniḥ | mandraḥ | madhu-vacāḥ | ṛta-vā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.7.4 English analysis of grammar]

sadyo < sadyas

[adverb]

“immediately; just; daily; sadyas [word].”

adhvare < adhvara

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“yajña; ceremony; adhvara [word].”

rathiraṃ < rathiram < rathira

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

jananta < jan

[verb], plural, Present injunctive

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

mānuṣāso < mānuṣāsaḥ < mānuṣa

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“man; man.”

vicetaso < vicetasaḥ < vicetas

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“wise; diligent.”

ya < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

eṣām < idam

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

viśām < viś

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“people; tribe; Vaisya; national; viś; real property; Vaisya.”

adhāyi < dhā

[verb], singular, Aorist passive

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

viśpatir < viśpatiḥ < viśpati

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“overlord; head.”

duroṇe < duroṇa

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“home; dwelling.”

'gnir < agniḥ < agni

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

mandro < mandraḥ < mandra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“pleasant; eloquent; dulcet.”

madhuvacā < madhu

[noun]

“sweet; deft.”

madhuvacā < vacāḥ < vacas

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“statement; command; speech; words; advice; word; voice.”

ṛtāvā < ṛtāvan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“law-abiding; faithful; righteous.”

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