Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.65.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वि तद्य॑युररुण॒युग्भि॒रश्वै॑श्चि॒त्रं भा॑न्त्यु॒षस॑श्च॒न्द्रर॑थाः । अग्रं॑ य॒ज्ञस्य॑ बृह॒तो नय॑न्ती॒र्वि ता बा॑धन्ते॒ तम॒ ऊर्म्या॑याः ॥
वि तद्ययुररुणयुग्भिरश्वैश्चित्रं भान्त्युषसश्चन्द्ररथाः । अग्रं यज्ञस्य बृहतो नयन्तीर्वि ता बाधन्ते तम ऊर्म्यायाः ॥
vi tad yayur aruṇayugbhir aśvaiś citram bhānty uṣasaś candrarathāḥ | agraṃ yajñasya bṛhato nayantīr vi tā bādhante tama ūrmyāyāḥ ||

English translation:

“The DWns in beautiful chariots drawn by purple steeds in pairs, shine gloriously as hey proceed (along the heaven); bringing on the commencement of the great (morning) sacrifice, they disperse the darkness of the night.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): bharadvājo bārhaspatyaḥ [bharadvāja bārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): uṣāḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāṭtrisṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वि । तत् । य॒युः॒ । अ॒रु॒ण॒युक्ऽभिः॑ । अश्वैः॑ । चि॒त्रम् । भा॒न्ति॒ । उ॒षसः॑ । च॒न्द्रऽर॑थाः । अग्र॑म् । य॒ज्ञस्य॑ । बृ॒ह॒तः । नय॑न्तीः । वि । ताः । बा॒ध॒न्ते॒ । तमः॑ । ऊर्म्या॑याः ॥
वि । तत् । ययुः । अरुणयुक्भिः । अश्वैः । चित्रम् । भान्ति । उषसः । चन्द्ररथाः । अग्रम् । यज्ञस्य । बृहतः । नयन्तीः । वि । ताः । बाधन्ते । तमः । ऊर्म्यायाः ॥
vi | tat | yayuḥ | aruṇayuk-bhiḥ | aśvaiḥ | citram | bhānti | uṣasaḥ | candra-rathāḥ | agram | yajñasya | bṛhataḥ | nayantīḥ | vi | tāḥ | bādhante | tamaḥ | ūrmyāyāḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.65.2 English analysis of grammar]



“apart; away; away.”

tad < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

yayur < yayuḥ <

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”

aruṇayugbhir < aruṇa


“red; tawny; dusty; gray.”

aruṇayugbhir < yugbhiḥ < yuj

[noun], instrumental, plural

“ally; friend; pair; two; companion.”

aśvaiś < aśvaiḥ < aśva

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

citram < citra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“manifold; extraordinary; beautiful; divers(a); varicolored; bright; bright; bright; outstanding; agitated; aglitter(p); brilliant; painted; obvious; patched; bizarre.”

bhānty < bhānti < bhā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“look; shine; show; look like; glitter; reflect.”

uṣasaś < uṣasaḥ < uṣas

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“Ushas; dawn; uṣas [word]; morning.”

candrarathāḥ < candra


“aglitter(p); shining.”

candrarathāḥ < rathāḥ < ratha

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

agraṃ < agram < agra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“tip; beginning; peak; end; front; top; beginning; battlefront; agra [word]; acme; fingertip; top; best; optimum; climax; matter; glans.”

yajñasya < yajña

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

bṛhato < bṛhataḥ < bṛhat

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“large; great; loud; high; much(a); exalted; abundant; intensive; strong; huge.”

nayantīr < nayantīḥ <

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“bring; lead; spend; decant; enter (a state); remove; take out; take away; enforce; marry; carry; fill into; bring; learn; go out; add.”



“apart; away; away.”

< tāḥ < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

bādhante < bādh

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“afflict; annoy; chase away; tease; grieve; irritate.”

tama < tamaḥ < tamas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“dark; darkness; Tamas; tamas [word]; faint; tamas; gloom; ignorance.”

ūrmyāyāḥ < ūrmyā

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine


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