Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.52.12

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इ॒मं नो॑ अग्ने अध्व॒रं होत॑र्वयुन॒शो य॑ज । चि॒कि॒त्वान्दैव्यं॒ जन॑म् ॥
इमं नो अग्ने अध्वरं होतर्वयुनशो यज । चिकित्वान्दैव्यं जनम् ॥
imaṃ no agne adhvaraṃ hotar vayunaśo yaja | cikitvān daivyaṃ janam ||

English translation:

Agni, invoker of the gods, cognizant (which of) the divine assembly (is he honoured), offer this our sacrifice according to the proper order.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): ṛjiśvāḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इ॒मम् । नः॒ । अ॒ग्ने॒ । अ॒ध्व॒रम् । होतः॑ । व॒यु॒न॒ऽशः । य॒ज॒ । चि॒कि॒त्वान् । दैव्य॑म् । जन॑म् ॥
इमम् । नः । अग्ने । अध्वरम् । होतः । वयुनशः । यज । चिकित्वान् । दैव्यम् । जनम् ॥
imam | naḥ | agne | adhvaram | hotaḥ | vayuna-śaḥ | yaja | cikitvān | daivyam | janam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.52.12 English analysis of grammar]

imaṃ < imam < idam

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

adhvaraṃ < adhvaram < adhvara

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; ceremony; adhvara [word].”

hotar < hotṛ

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine


vayunaśo < vayunaśas


yaja < yaj

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“sacrifice; worship; worship.”

cikitvān < cit

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“notice; observe; attend to; intend.”

daivyaṃ < daivyam < daivya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“divine; divine; celestial.”

janam < jana

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“people; national; man; relative; jan; Janaloka; person; jana [word]; man; attendant; Jana; foreigner; inhabitant; group.”

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