Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.52.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यो वो॑ देवा घृ॒तस्नु॑ना ह॒व्येन॑ प्रति॒भूष॑ति । तं विश्व॒ उप॑ गच्छथ ॥
यो वो देवा घृतस्नुना हव्येन प्रतिभूषति । तं विश्व उप गच्छथ ॥
yo vo devā ghṛtasnunā havyena pratibhūṣati | taṃ viśva upa gacchatha ||

English translation:

“Come, gods, to him who honours you with the butter drippling oblation.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): ṛjiśvāḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः । वः॒ । दे॒वाः॒ । घृ॒तऽस्नु॑ना । ह॒व्येन॑ । प्र॒ति॒ऽभूष॑ति । तम् । विश्वे॑ । उप॑ । ग॒च्छ॒थ॒ ॥
यः । वः । देवाः । घृतस्नुना । हव्येन । प्रतिभूषति । तम् । विश्वे । उप । गच्छथ ॥
yaḥ | vaḥ | devāḥ | ghṛta-snunā | havyena | prati-bhūṣati | tam | viśve | upa | gacchatha

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.52.8 English analysis of grammar]

yo < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], accusative, plural


devā < devāḥ < deva

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

ghṛtasnunā < ghṛta

[noun], neuter

“ghee; fat.”

ghṛtasnunā < snunā < snu

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

havyena < havya

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“Havya; offering; havya [word].”

pratibhūṣati < pratibhūṣ < √bhūṣ

[verb], singular, Present indikative

taṃ < tam < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

viśva < viśve < viśva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”



“towards; on; next.”

gacchatha < gam

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“go; situate; enter (a state); travel; disappear; [in]; elapse; leave; reach; vanish; love; walk; approach; issue; hop on; gasify; get; come; die; drain; spread; transform; happen; discharge; ride; to be located; run; detect; refer; go; shall; drive.”

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