Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.48.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वे॒षं शर्धो॒ न मारु॑तं तुवि॒ष्वण्य॑न॒र्वाणं॑ पू॒षणं॒ सं यथा॑ श॒ता । सं स॒हस्रा॒ कारि॑षच्चर्ष॒णिभ्य॒ आँ आ॒विर्गू॒ळ्हा वसू॑ करत्सु॒वेदा॑ नो॒ वसू॑ करत् ॥
त्वेषं शर्धो न मारुतं तुविष्वण्यनर्वाणं पूषणं सं यथा शता । सं सहस्रा कारिषच्चर्षणिभ्य आँ आविर्गूळ्हा वसू करत्सुवेदा नो वसू करत् ॥
tveṣaṃ śardho na mārutaṃ tuviṣvaṇy anarvāṇam pūṣaṇaṃ saṃ yathā śatā | saṃ sahasrā kāriṣac carṣaṇibhya ām̐ āvir gūḻhā vasū karat suvedā no vasū karat ||

English translation:

“I now (glorify) the brilliant vigour of the company of the Maruts, loud-sounding, irresistible, cherishing, whereby hundreds and thousands (of treasures) are bestowed collectively upon men; may that (company) make hidden wealth manifes; may it render the wealth easily accessible to us.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śaṃyurbārhaspatyaḥ [śaṃyurbārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): maruto liṅgoktā vā ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdatijagatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वे॒षम् । शर्धः॑ । न । मारु॑तम् । तु॒वि॒ऽस्वणि॑ । अ॒न॒र्वाण॑म् । पू॒षण॑म् । सम् । यथा॑ । श॒ता । सम् । स॒हस्रा॑ । कारि॑षत् । च॒र्ष॒णिऽभ्यः॑ । आ । आ॒विः । गू॒ळ्हा । वसु॑ । क॒र॒त् । सु॒ऽवेदा॑ । नः॒ । वसु॑ । क॒र॒त् ॥
त्वेषम् । शर्धः । न । मारुतम् । तुविस्वणि । अनर्वाणम् । पूषणम् । सम् । यथा । शता । सम् । सहस्रा । कारिषत् । चर्षणिभ्यः । आ । आविः । गूळ्हा । वसु । करत् । सुवेदा । नः । वसु । करत् ॥
tveṣam | śardhaḥ | na | mārutam | tuvi-svaṇi | anarvāṇam | pūṣaṇam | sam | yathā | śatā | sam | sahasrā | kāriṣat | carṣaṇi-bhyaḥ | ā | āviḥ | gūḷhā | vasu | karat | su-vedā | naḥ | vasu | karat

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.48.15 English analysis of grammar]

tveṣaṃ < tveṣam < tveṣa

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“awful; brilliant; aglitter(p); bright.”

śardho < śardhaḥ < śardhas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“troop.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

mārutaṃ < mārutam < māruta

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Marut(a).”

tuviṣvaṇy < tuviṣvaṇi

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

anarvāṇam < anarvan

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“unchallenged; unrivaled.”

pūṣaṇaṃ < pūṣaṇam < pūṣan

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Pushan; pūṣan [word]; sun.”

saṃ < sam

[adverb]

“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

yathā

[adverb]

“equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

śatā < śata

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“hundred; one-hundredth; śata [word].”

saṃ < sam

[adverb]

“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

sahasrā < sahasra

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“thousand; one-thousandth; sahasra [word].”

kāriṣac < kāriṣat < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“spread; scatter.”

carṣaṇibhya < carṣaṇibhyaḥ < carṣaṇi

[noun], ablative, plural, feminine

“people.”

āṃ < ām < āṃ

[adverb]

āvir < āvis

[adverb]

“openly; obviously.”

gūᄆhā < gūḍhā < guh

[verb noun], accusative, plural

“hide; cover; conceal; shroud; obscure.”

vasū < vasu

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“wealth; property; gold; vasu [word]; ruby; treasure; jewel.”

karat < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

suvedā < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suvedā < vedā < veda

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

vasū < vasu

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“wealth; property; gold; vasu [word]; ruby; treasure; jewel.”

karat < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

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