Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.48.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ यः प॒प्रौ भा॒नुना॒ रोद॑सी उ॒भे धू॒मेन॑ धावते दि॒वि । ति॒रस्तमो॑ ददृश॒ ऊर्म्या॒स्वा श्या॒वास्व॑रु॒षो वृषा श्या॒वा अ॑रु॒षो वृषा॑ ॥
आ यः पप्रौ भानुना रोदसी उभे धूमेन धावते दिवि । तिरस्तमो ददृश ऊर्म्यास्वा श्यावास्वरुषो वृषा श्यावा अरुषो वृषा ॥
ā yaḥ paprau bhānunā rodasī ubhe dhūmena dhāvate divi | tiras tamo dadṛśa ūrmyāsv ā śyāvāsv aruṣo vṛṣā śyāvā aruṣo vṛṣā ||

English translation:

“He who fills both heaven and earth with light, who mounts with smoke into the sky, this radiant showerer (of benefits) is beheld in the dark nights dispersing the gloom; this radiant showerer (of benefits) presides over the dark nights.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śaṃyurbārhaspatyaḥ [śaṃyurbārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । यः । प॒प्रौ । भा॒नुना॑ । रोद॑सी॒ इति॑ । उ॒भे इति॑ । धू॒मेन॑ । धा॒व॒ते॒ । दि॒वि । ति॒रः । तमः॑ । द॒दृ॒शे॒ । ऊर्म्या॑सु । आ । श्या॒वासु॑ । अ॒रु॒षः । वृषा॑ । आ । श्या॒वाः । अ॒रु॒षः । वृषा॑ ॥
आ । यः । पप्रौ । भानुना । रोदसी इति । उभे इति । धूमेन । धावते । दिवि । तिरः । तमः । ददृशे । ऊर्म्यासु । आ । श्यावासु । अरुषः । वृषा । आ । श्यावाः । अरुषः । वृषा ॥
ā | yaḥ | paprau | bhānunā | rodasī iti | ubhe iti | dhūmena | dhāvate | divi | tiraḥ | tamaḥ | dadṛśe | ūrmyāsu | ā | śyāvāsu | aruṣaḥ | vṛṣā | ā | śyāvāḥ | aruṣaḥ | vṛṣā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.48.6 English analysis of grammar]

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

paprau < prā

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“fill; satisfy.”

bhānunā < bhānu

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“sun; Surya; Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sunbeam; beam; luminosity; copper; light; twelve; appearance; Bhānu; flare.”

rodasī < rodas

[noun], accusative, dual, neuter

“heaven and earth; Earth.”

ubhe < ubh

[noun], accusative, dual, neuter

“both(a).”

dhūmena < dhūma

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“smoke; dhūmavedha; carbon black; dhūmana; mist; vapor; vaporization; dhūma [word]; incense.”

dhāvate < dhāv

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“run; run; wash.”

divi < div

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

tiras

[adverb]

“tiras [word]; away; secretly.”

tamo < tamaḥ < tamas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“dark; darkness; Tamas; tamas [word]; faint; tamas; gloom; ignorance.”

dadṛśa < dadṛśe < dṛś

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“see; observe; view; visit; look; learn; meet; read; teach; examine; watch; see; notice; perceive; diagnose; travel to; show; detect; know; know; understand; understand; follow.”

ūrmyāsv < ūrmyāsu < ūrmyā

[noun], locative, plural, feminine

“night.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

śyāvāsv < śyāvāsu < śyāva

[noun], locative, plural, feminine

“brown; dark; śyāva [word].”

aruṣo < aruṣaḥ < aruṣa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“red; red.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

śyāvā < śyāvāḥ < śyāva

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“brown; dark; śyāva [word].”

aruṣo < aruṣaḥ < aruṣa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“red; red.”

vṛṣā < vṛṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

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