Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.27

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दि॒वस्पृ॑थि॒व्याः पर्योज॒ उद्भृ॑तं॒ वन॒स्पति॑भ्य॒: पर्याभृ॑तं॒ सह॑: । अ॒पामो॒ज्मानं॒ परि॒ गोभि॒रावृ॑त॒मिन्द्र॑स्य॒ वज्रं॑ ह॒विषा॒ रथं॑ यज ॥
दिवस्पृथिव्याः पर्योज उद्भृतं वनस्पतिभ्यः पर्याभृतं सहः । अपामोज्मानं परि गोभिरावृतमिन्द्रस्य वज्रं हविषा रथं यज ॥
divas pṛthivyāḥ pary oja udbhṛtaṃ vanaspatibhyaḥ pary ābhṛtaṃ sahaḥ | apām ojmānam pari gobhir āvṛtam indrasya vajraṃ haviṣā rathaṃ yaja ||

English translation:

“Worship with oblations the chariot constructed of the substance of heaven and earth, the extracted essence of the forest lords; the velocity of the waters; the encompassed with the cow-hide; the thunderbolt (of Indra).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): rathaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): svarāṭtriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दि॒वः । पृ॒थि॒व्याः । परि॑ । ओजः॑ । उत्ऽभृ॑तम् । व॒न॒स्पति॑ऽभ्यः । परि॑ । आऽभृ॑तम् । सहः॑ । अ॒पाम् । ओ॒ज्मान॑म् । परि॑ । गोभिः॑ । आऽवृ॑तम् । इन्द्र॑स्य । वज्र॑म् । ह॒विषा॑ । रथ॑म् । य॒ज॒ ॥
दिवः । पृथिव्याः । परि । ओजः । उत्भृतम् । वनस्पतिभ्यः । परि । आभृतम् । सहः । अपाम् । ओज्मानम् । परि । गोभिः । आवृतम् । इन्द्रस्य । वज्रम् । हविषा । रथम् । यज ॥
divaḥ | pṛthivyāḥ | pari | ojaḥ | ut-bhṛtam | vanaspati-bhyaḥ | pari | ābhṛtam | sahaḥ | apām | ojmānam | pari | gobhiḥ | āvṛtam | indrasya | vajram | haviṣā | ratham | yaja

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.27 English analysis of grammar]

divas < divaḥ < div

[noun], ablative, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

pṛthivyāḥ < pṛthivī

[noun], ablative, singular, feminine

“Earth; pṛthivī; floor; Earth; earth; pṛthivī [word]; land.”

pary < pari


“from; about; around.”

oja < ojaḥ < ojas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“strength; power; ojas; ojas [word]; potency; might.”

udbhṛtaṃ < udbhṛtam < udbhṛ < √bhṛ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“take out; raise.”

vanaspatibhyaḥ < vanaspati

[noun], ablative, plural, masculine

“tree; banyan; vanaspati [word]; vanaspativarga; vaṭādi.”

pary < pari


“from; about; around.”

ābhṛtaṃ < ābhṛtam < ābhṛ < √bhṛ

[verb noun], nominative, singular


sahaḥ < sahas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“force; strength; might; sahas [word]; conquest.”

apām < ap

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

ojmānam < ojman

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine



“from; about; around.”

gobhir < gobhiḥ < go

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

āvṛtam < āvṛ < √vṛ

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“envelop; accompany; surround; obstruct; cover; close; surround; endow; overwhelm; mix; coat.”

indrasya < indra

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

vajraṃ < vajram < vajra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“vajra; Vajra; vajra; vajra; lightning; abhra; vajramūṣā; diamond; vajra [word]; vajrakapāṭa; vajra; vaikrānta.”

haviṣā < havis

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“Havya; offering; ghee; havis [word].”

rathaṃ < ratham < ratha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

yaja < yaj

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“sacrifice; worship; worship.”

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: