Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्रा॒तार॒मिन्द्र॑मवि॒तार॒मिन्द्रं॒ हवे॑हवे सु॒हवं॒ शूर॒मिन्द्र॑म् । ह्वया॑मि श॒क्रं पु॑रुहू॒तमिन्द्रं॑ स्व॒स्ति नो॑ म॒घवा॑ धा॒त्विन्द्र॑: ॥
त्रातारमिन्द्रमवितारमिन्द्रं हवेहवे सुहवं शूरमिन्द्रम् । ह्वयामि शक्रं पुरुहूतमिन्द्रं स्वस्ति नो मघवा धात्विन्द्रः ॥
trātāram indram avitāram indraṃ have-have suhavaṃ śūram indram | hvayāmi śakram puruhūtam indraṃ svasti no maghavā dhātv indraḥ ||

English translation:

“I invoke, at repeated sacrifice, Indra, the preserver, the protector, the hero, who is easily propitiated, Indra, the powerful, the invoked of many; may Indra, the lord of affluence, bestow upon us prosperity.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāṭtrisṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्रा॒तार॑म् । इन्द्र॑म् । अ॒वि॒तार॑म् । इन्द्र॑म् । हवे॑ऽहवे । सु॒ऽहव॑म् । शूर॑म् । इन्द्र॑म् । ह्वया॑मि । श॒क्रम् । पु॒रु॒ऽहू॒तम् । इन्द्र॑म् । स्व॒स्ति । नः॒ । म॒घऽवा॑ । धा॒तु॒ । इन्द्रः॑ ॥
त्रातारम् । इन्द्रम् । अवितारम् । इन्द्रम् । हवेहवे । सुहवम् । शूरम् । इन्द्रम् । ह्वयामि । शक्रम् । पुरुहूतम् । इन्द्रम् । स्वस्ति । नः । मघवा । धातु । इन्द्रः ॥
trātāram | indram | avitāram | indram | have--have | su-havam | śūram | indram | hvayāmi | śakram | puru-hūtam | indram | svasti | naḥ | magha-vā | dhātu | indraḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.11 English analysis of grammar]

trātāram < trātṛ

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“defender; savior.”

indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

avitāram < avitṛ

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“favorable.”

indraṃ < indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

have < hava

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“invocation.”

have < hava

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“invocation.”

suhavaṃ < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suhavaṃ < havam < hava

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“invocation.”

śūram < śūra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“hero; cock; śūra; Śūra; Vatica robusta; Plumbago zeylanica; warrior; hero; attacker; lentil; wild boar; lion; dog.”

indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

hvayāmi < hvā

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

śakram < śakra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight et Arn.; ivory tree.”

puruhūtam < puruhūta

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; Vishnu.”

indraṃ < indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

svasti

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“prosperity; well-being; fortune; benediction; svasti [word]; well; luck.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

maghavā < maghavan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; maghavan [word].”

dhātv < dhātu < dhā

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: