Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒यं वि॑दच्चित्र॒दृशी॑क॒मर्ण॑: शु॒क्रस॑द्मनामु॒षसा॒मनी॑के । अ॒यं म॒हान्म॑ह॒ता स्कम्भ॑ने॒नोद्द्याम॑स्तभ्नाद्वृष॒भो म॒रुत्वा॑न् ॥
अयं विदच्चित्रदृशीकमर्णः शुक्रसद्मनामुषसामनीके । अयं महान्महता स्कम्भनेनोद्द्यामस्तभ्नाद्वृषभो मरुत्वान् ॥
ayaṃ vidac citradṛśīkam arṇaḥ śukrasadmanām uṣasām anīke | ayam mahān mahatā skambhanenod dyām astabhnād vṛṣabho marutvān ||

English translation:

“This makes known the wonderfully beautiful and inspiring (solar) radiance) at the appearance of the dawns, whose dwelling is the firmament; this mighty (Soma) has sustained the heaven with a powerful support, th sender of rain, the leader of the winds.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒यम् । वि॒द॒त् । चि॒त्र॒ऽदृशी॑कम् । अर्णः॑ । शु॒क्रऽस॑द्मनाम् । उ॒षसा॑म् । अनी॑के । अ॒यम् । म॒हान् । म॒ह॒ता । स्कम्भ॑नेन । उत् । द्याम् । अ॒स्त॒भ्ना॒त् । वृ॒ष॒भः । म॒रुत्वा॑न् ॥
अयम् । विदत् । चित्रदृशीकम् । अर्णः । शुक्रसद्मनाम् । उषसाम् । अनीके । अयम् । महान् । महता । स्कम्भनेन । उत् । द्याम् । अस्तभ्नात् । वृषभः । मरुत्वान् ॥
ayam | vidat | citra-dṛśīkam | arṇaḥ | śukra-sadmanām | uṣasām | anīke | ayam | mahān | mahatā | skambhanena | ut | dyām | astabhnāt | vṛṣabhaḥ | marutvān

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.5 English analysis of grammar]

ayaṃ < ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

vidac < vidat < vid

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“find; detect; marry; get; think.”

citradṛśīkam < citra

[noun]

“manifold; extraordinary; beautiful; divers(a); varicolored; bright; bright; bright; outstanding; agitated; aglitter(p); brilliant; painted; obvious; patched; bizarre.”

citradṛśīkam < dṛśīkam < dṛśīka

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“visual perception.”

arṇaḥ < arṇas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“body of water; water.”

śukrasadmanām < śukra

[noun]

“bright; clear; white; light; pure.”

śukrasadmanām < sadmanām < sadman

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“seat; house; stable; dwelling.”

uṣasām < uṣas

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“Ushas; dawn; uṣas [word]; morning.”

anīke < anīka

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“army; face; battalion; battlefront; point; appearance.”

ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

mahān < mahat

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“large; eminent; great; loud; dangerous; strong; long; high; much(a); mahant [word]; ample; very; great; adult; important; dark; high; abundant; violent; remarkable; mighty; big; long.”

mahatā < mahat

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“large; eminent; great; loud; dangerous; strong; long; high; much(a); mahant [word]; ample; very; great; adult; important; dark; high; abundant; violent; remarkable; mighty; big; long.”

skambhanenod < skambhanena < skambhana

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“prop.”

skambhanenod < ud

[adverb]

“up.”

dyām < div

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

astabhnād < astabhnāt < stambh

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“paralyze; stiffen; fixate; fixate; stambh; rear; stop; strengthen; constipate.”

vṛṣabho < vṛṣabhaḥ < vṛṣabha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bull; Vṛṣabha; Vṛṣabha; best.”

marutvān < marutvat

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Marut(a).”

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