Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.45.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

म॒हीर॑स्य॒ प्रणी॑तयः पू॒र्वीरु॒त प्रश॑स्तयः । नास्य॑ क्षीयन्त ऊ॒तय॑: ॥
महीरस्य प्रणीतयः पूर्वीरुत प्रशस्तयः । नास्य क्षीयन्त ऊतयः ॥
mahīr asya praṇītayaḥ pūrvīr uta praśastayaḥ | nāsya kṣīyanta ūtayaḥ ||

English translation:

“Vast are his designs, manifold are his praises, his protections are never withdrawn.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śaṃyurbārhaspatyaḥ [śaṃyurbārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

म॒हीः । अ॒स्य॒ । प्रऽनी॑तयः । पू॒र्वीः । उ॒त । प्रऽश॑स्तयः । न । अ॒स्य॒ । क्षी॒य॒न्ते॒ । ऊ॒तयः॑ ॥
महीः । अस्य । प्रनीतयः । पूर्वीः । उत । प्रशस्तयः । न । अस्य । क्षीयन्ते । ऊतयः ॥
mahīḥ | asya | pra-nītayaḥ | pūrvīḥ | uta | pra-śastayaḥ | na | asya | kṣīyante | ūtayaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.45.3 English analysis of grammar]

mahīr < mahīḥ < mahi

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“great; firm.”

asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

praṇītayaḥ < praṇīti

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“guidance; guidance.”

pūrvīr < pūrvīḥ < puru

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“many; much(a); very.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

praśastayaḥ < praśasti

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“announcement; praise; respect.”

nāsya < na


“not; like; no; na [word].”

nāsya < asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

kṣīyanta < kṣīyante < kṣi

[verb], plural, Indikativ Pr¦s. Passiv

“decrease; emaciate; vanish; kill; wane; destroy; run down; elapse; lose; lose; gasify; decline; decay; corrupt.”

ūtayaḥ < ūti

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“aid; favor; ūti [word].”

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