Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.45.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒वि॒प्रे चि॒द्वयो॒ दध॑दना॒शुना॑ चि॒दर्व॑ता । इन्द्रो॒ जेता॑ हि॒तं धन॑म् ॥
अविप्रे चिद्वयो दधदनाशुना चिदर्वता । इन्द्रो जेता हितं धनम् ॥
avipre cid vayo dadhad anāśunā cid arvatā | indro jetā hitaṃ dhanam ||

English translation:

Indra gives sustenance, even to the undevout he is the conqueror of wealh accusative ulated (by enemies) though (going against) them with a slow-paced steed.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śaṃyurbārhaspatyaḥ [śaṃyurbārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒वि॒प्रे । चि॒त् । वयः॑ । दध॑त् । अ॒ना॒शुना॑ । चि॒त् । अर्व॑ता । इन्द्रः॑ । जेता॑ । हि॒तम् । धन॑म् ॥
अविप्रे । चित् । वयः । दधत् । अनाशुना । चित् । अर्वता । इन्द्रः । जेता । हितम् । धनम् ॥
avipre | cit | vayaḥ | dadhat | anāśunā | cit | arvatā | indraḥ | jetā | hitam | dhanam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.45.2 English analysis of grammar]

avipre < a


“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

avipre < vipre < vipra

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“eloquent; stimulated; divine.”

cid < cit


“even; indeed.”

vayo < vayaḥ < vayas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“age; vigor; old age; strength; vayas [word]; aging; power; youth; food.”

dadhad < dadhat < dhā

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

anāśunā < anāśu

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine


cid < cit


“even; indeed.”

arvatā < arvant

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine


indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

jetā < ji

[verb], singular, periphrast. future

“overcome; cure; win; conquer; control; win; succeed; remove; beat; govern; surpass; suppress.”

hitaṃ < hitam < hita

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“beneficial; wholesome; good; suitable; good; appropriate; pleasant; Aṣṭādhyāyī 5.1.5; friendly; agreeable.”

dhanam < dhana

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“wealth; property; money; treasure; prize; dhana [word]; valuable; dhan; capital; fight.”

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