Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.45.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

य आन॑यत्परा॒वत॒: सुनी॑ती तु॒र्वशं॒ यदु॑म् । इन्द्र॒: स नो॒ युवा॒ सखा॑ ॥
य आनयत्परावतः सुनीती तुर्वशं यदुम् । इन्द्रः स नो युवा सखा ॥
ya ānayat parāvataḥ sunītī turvaśaṃ yadum | indraḥ sa no yuvā sakhā ||

English translation:

“May that youthful Indra, who, by good guidance, brought Turvaśa and Yadu from afar, (be) our friend.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śaṃyurbārhaspatyaḥ [śaṃyurbārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः । आ । अन॑यत् । प॒रा॒ऽवतः॑ । सुऽनी॑ती । तु॒र्वश॑म् । यदु॑म् । इन्द्रः॑ । सः । नः॒ । युवा॑ । सखा॑ ॥
यः । आ । अनयत् । परावतः । सुनीती । तुर्वशम् । यदुम् । इन्द्रः । सः । नः । युवा । सखा ॥
yaḥ | ā | anayat | parāvataḥ | su-nītī | turvaśam | yadum | indraḥ | saḥ | naḥ | yuvā | sakhā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.45.1 English analysis of grammar]

ya < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

ānayat < ānī < √nī

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“bring; pull; take; collect; give; return; withdraw; extract.”

parāvataḥ < parāvat

[noun], ablative, singular, feminine

“distance; distance; distance.”

sunītī < sunīti

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine


turvaśaṃ < turvaśam < turvaśa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

yadum < yadu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Yadu; Yadu.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

yuvā < yuvan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“young; youthful.”

sakhā < sakhi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; companion; sakhi [word].”

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