Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.40.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अस्य॑ पिब॒ यस्य॑ जज्ञा॒न इ॑न्द्र॒ मदा॑य॒ क्रत्वे॒ अपि॑बो विरप्शिन् । तमु॑ ते॒ गावो॒ नर॒ आपो॒ अद्रि॒रिन्दुं॒ सम॑ह्यन्पी॒तये॒ सम॑स्मै ॥
अस्य पिब यस्य जज्ञान इन्द्र मदाय क्रत्वे अपिबो विरप्शिन् । तमु ते गावो नर आपो अद्रिरिन्दुं समह्यन्पीतये समस्मै ॥
asya piba yasya jajñāna indra madāya kratve apibo virapśin | tam u te gāvo nara āpo adrir induṃ sam ahyan pītaye sam asmai ||

English translation:

“Drink, Indra, of this (libation), of which you, mighty one, have drunk as soon as born, for excitement to (great) deeds; that Soma which the kine, the priests, the waters, the stones, combine to prepare for your drinking.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): bharadvājo bārhaspatyaḥ [bharadvāja bārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अस्य॑ । पि॒ब॒ । यस्य॑ । ज॒ज्ञ॒नः । न्द्र॒ । मदा॑य । क्रत्वे॑ । अपि॑बः । वि॒ऽर॒प्शि॒न् । तम् । ऊँ॒ इति॑ । ते॒ । गावः॑ । नरः॑ । आपः॑ । अद्रिः॑ । इन्दु॑म् । सम् । अ॒ह्य॒न् । पी॒तये॑ । सम् । अ॒स्मै॒ ॥
अस्य । पिब । यस्य । जज्ञनः । न्द्र । मदाय । क्रत्वे । अपिबः । विरप्शिन् । तम् । ऊँ इति । ते । गावः । नरः । आपः । अद्रिः । इन्दुम् । सम् । अह्यन् । पीतये । सम् । अस्मै ॥
asya | piba | yasya | jajñanaḥ | ndra | madāya | kratve | apibaḥ | vi-rapśin | tam | oṃ iti | te | gāvaḥ | naraḥ | āpaḥ | adriḥ | indum | sam | ahyan | pītaye | sam | asmai

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.40.2 English analysis of grammar]

asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

piba <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

yasya < yad

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

jajñāna < jajñānaḥ < jan

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

madāya < mada

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“drunkenness; mada; estrus; excitement; sexual arousal; alcohol; musth; mad; mada; ecstasy; pride; drink; joy; arrogance; vivification.”

kratve < kratu

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“yajña; decision; plan; deliberation; intelligence; Kratu; will; kratu [word]; desire; resoluteness; ritual.”

apibo < apibaḥ <

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“exuberant; copious; ample.”

tam < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”



“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

te < tvad

[noun], dative, singular


gāvo < gāvaḥ < go

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

nara < naraḥ < nṛ

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“man; man; nṛ [word]; crew; masculine.”

āpo < āpaḥ < ap

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

adrir < adriḥ < adri

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“mountain; rock; seven; stone; adri; grindstone; adri; rock.”

induṃ < indum < indu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”



“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

ahyan < hi

[verb], plural, Thematic aorist (Ind.)

“impel; send; spur; stimulate; urge.”

pītaye <

[verb noun]

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”



“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

asmai < idam

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

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