Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.15.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मि॒त्रं न यं सुधि॑तं॒ भृग॑वो द॒धुर्वन॒स्पता॒वीड्य॑मू॒र्ध्वशो॑चिषम् । स त्वं सुप्री॑तो वी॒तह॑व्ये अद्भुत॒ प्रश॑स्तिभिर्महयसे दि॒वेदि॑वे ॥
मित्रं न यं सुधितं भृगवो दधुर्वनस्पतावीड्यमूर्ध्वशोचिषम् । स त्वं सुप्रीतो वीतहव्ये अद्भुत प्रशस्तिभिर्महयसे दिवेदिवे ॥
mitraṃ na yaṃ sudhitam bhṛgavo dadhur vanaspatāv īḍyam ūrdhvaśociṣam | sa tvaṃ suprīto vītahavye adbhuta praśastibhir mahayase dive-dive ||

English translation:

“Wonderful Agni, whom, adorable and upward flaming, the bhṛgus regard as a friend, deposited in the wood of (attrition), be plural ased with vītahavya, since you are glorified by (his) praise everyday.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Vītahavya: if applied to bharadvāja, it will be an appellation, he by whom oblations are offered


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): bharadvājo bārhaspatyaḥ [bharadvāja bārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛjjagatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मि॒त्रम् । न । यम् । सु॒ऽधि॑तम् । भृग॑वः । द॒धुः । वन॒स्पतौ॑ । ईड्य॑म् । ऊ॒र्ध्वऽशो॑चिषम् । सः । त्वम् । सुऽप्री॑तः । वी॒तऽह॑व्ये । अ॒द्भु॒त॒ । प्रश॑स्तिऽभिः । म॒ह॒य॒से॒ । दि॒वेऽदि॑वे ॥
मित्रम् । न । यम् । सुधितम् । भृगवः । दधुः । वनस्पतौ । ईड्यम् । ऊर्ध्वशोचिषम् । सः । त्वम् । सुप्रीतः । वीतहव्ये । अद्भुत । प्रशस्तिभिः । महयसे । दिवेदिवे ॥
mitram | na | yam | su-dhitam | bhṛgavaḥ | dadhuḥ | vanaspatau | īḍyam | ūrdhva-śociṣam | saḥ | tvam | su-prītaḥ | vīta-havye | adbhuta | praśasti-bhiḥ | mahayase | dive--dive

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.15.2 English analysis of grammar]

mitraṃ < mitram < mitra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

yaṃ < yam < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

sudhitam < sudhita

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sudhita [word].”

bhṛgavo < bhṛgavaḥ < bhṛgu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Bhṛgu; precipice; Bhṛgu; Bhṛgu; Venus; bhṛgu [word].”

dadhur < dadhuḥ < dhā

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

vanaspatāv < vanaspatau < vanaspati

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“tree; banyan; vanaspati [word]; vanaspativarga; vaṭādi.”

īḍyam < īḍ

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“praise; invite; raise.”

ūrdhvaśociṣam < ūrdhva


“upper; up(a); upper; upward; erect; more(a); raised; ūrdhva [word]; acclivitous; overturned; loud; eminent; high.”

ūrdhvaśociṣam < śociṣam < śocis

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; flare; burn; radiance.”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tvaṃ < tvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, singular


suprīto < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suprīto < prītaḥ < prī

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“delight; gladden; satisfy; nutrify; comfort.”

vītahavye < vītahavya

[noun], locative, singular, masculine



[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“extraordinary; amazing; supernatural.”

praśastibhir < praśastibhiḥ < praśasti

[noun], instrumental, plural, feminine

“announcement; praise; respect.”

mahayase < mahay < √mah

[verb], singular, Present indikative


dive < diva

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“day; sky; Svarga.”

dive < diva

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“day; sky; Svarga.”

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