Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 5.67.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

बळि॒त्था दे॑व निष्कृ॒तमादि॑त्या यज॒तं बृ॒हत् । वरु॑ण॒ मित्रार्य॑म॒न्वर्षि॑ष्ठं क्ष॒त्रमा॑शाथे ॥
बळित्था देव निष्कृतमादित्या यजतं बृहत् । वरुण मित्रार्यमन्वर्षिष्ठं क्षत्रमाशाथे ॥
baḻ itthā deva niṣkṛtam ādityā yajatam bṛhat | varuṇa mitrāryaman varṣiṣṭhaṃ kṣatram āśāthe ||

English translation:

“Divine sons of Aditi, Mitra, Varuṇa, Aryaman, verily you are possessed, at the present time, of perfect, adorable, vast, exceeding strength.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): yajata ātreyaḥ [yajata ātreya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdanuṣṭup;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

बट् । इ॒त्था । दे॒व॒ । निः॒ऽकृ॒तम् । आदि॑त्या । य॒ज॒तम् । बृ॒हत् । वरु॑ण । मित्र॑ । अर्य॑मन् । वर्षि॑ष्ठम् । क्ष॒त्रम् । आ॒शा॒थे॒ इति॑ ॥
बट् । इत्था । देव । निःकृतम् । आदित्या । यजतम् । बृहत् । वरुण । मित्र । अर्यमन् । वर्षिष्ठम् । क्षत्रम् । आशाथे इति ॥
baṭ | itthā | deva | niḥ-kṛtam | ādityā | yajatam | bṛhat | varuṇa | mitra | aryaman | varṣiṣṭham | kṣatram | āśātheiti

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 5.67.1 English analysis of grammar]

baᄆ < baṭ




“thus; here.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

niṣkṛtam < niṣkṛta

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“place; rendezvous.”

ādityā < āditya

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“sun; Aditya; Surya; āditya [word].”

yajatam < yajata

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“holy; august; sacrificial.”


[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“large; great; loud; high; much(a); exalted; abundant; intensive; strong; huge.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

mitrāryaman < mitra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

mitrāryaman < aryaman

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Aryaman; aryaman [word]; sun.”

varṣiṣṭhaṃ < varṣiṣṭham < varṣiṣṭha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


kṣatram < kṣatra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Kshatriya; dominion; Kshatriya; kṣatra [word]; power.”

āśāthe <

[verb], dual, Perfect indicative

“get; reach; enter (a state).”

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