Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 5.54.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तद्वी॒र्यं॑ वो मरुतो महित्व॒नं दी॒र्घं त॑तान॒ सूर्यो॒ न योज॑नम् । एता॒ न यामे॒ अगृ॑भीतशोचि॒षोऽन॑श्वदां॒ यन्न्यया॑तना गि॒रिम् ॥
तद्वीर्यं वो मरुतो महित्वनं दीर्घं ततान सूर्यो न योजनम् । एता न यामे अगृभीतशोचिषोऽनश्वदां यन्न्ययातना गिरिम् ॥
tad vīryaṃ vo maruto mahitvanaṃ dīrghaṃ tatāna sūryo na yojanam | etā na yāme agṛbhītaśociṣo 'naśvadāṃ yan ny ayātanā girim ||

English translation:

“Your prowess, Maruts, has spread wide your glory as the sun (sends afar his) radiance, or the white (horses of the gods travel far) in their course; of unbounded lustre, you close the cloud withholding the waters.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śyāvāśva ātreyaḥ [śyāvāśva ātreya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तत् । वी॒र्य॑म् । वः॒ । म॒रु॒तः॒ । म॒हि॒ऽत्व॒नम् । दी॒र्घम् । त॒ता॒न॒ । सूर्यः॑ । न । योज॑नम् । एताः॑ । न । यामे॑ । अगृ॑भीतऽशोचिषः । अन॑श्वऽदाम् । यत् । नि । अया॑तन । गि॒रिम् ॥
तत् । वीर्यम् । वः । मरुतः । महित्वनम् । दीर्घम् । ततान । सूर्यः । न । योजनम् । एताः । न । यामे । अगृभीतशोचिषः । अनश्वदाम् । यत् । नि । अयातन । गिरिम् ॥
tat | vīryam | vaḥ | marutaḥ | mahi-tvanam | dīrgham | tatāna | sūryaḥ | na | yojanam | etāḥ | na | yāme | agṛbhīta-śociṣaḥ | anaśva-dām | yat | ni | ayātana | giri m

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 5.54.5 English analysis of grammar]

tad < tat < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

vīryaṃ < vīryam < vīrya

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“potency; vīrya; heroism; potency; strength; semen; power; deed; active agent; efficacy; vīryapāramitā; gold; vigor; vīrya [word]; virility; manfulness; jewel; force.”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural

“you.”

maruto < marutaḥ < marut

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

mahitvanaṃ < mahitvanam < mahitvana

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“greatness.”

dīrghaṃ < dīrgham < dīrgha

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“long; long; long; large; far; deep; dīrgha [word].”

tatāna < tan

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“expand; perform; cause; increase; write; spread; produce; spread; speak; propagate.”

sūryo < sūryaḥ < sūrya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“sun; Surya; sūrya [word]; right nostril; twelve; Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sūryakānta; sunlight; best.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

yojanam < yojana

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“yojana; use; yojana [word]; team.”

etā < etāḥ < e < √i

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“come; travel.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

yāme < yāma

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“prahara; watch; travel; path.”

agṛbhītaśociṣo < a

[adverb]

“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

agṛbhītaśociṣo < gṛbhīta < grah

[verb noun]

“take; grasp; take out; extract; perceive; pick; assume; include; accept; understand; use; learn; possess; keep; choose; accept; afflict; suck; paralyze; mention; mistake; eat; wear; embrace; fill into; capture; eclipse; get; collect; hand down; marry; heed; touch.”

agṛbhītaśociṣo < śociṣaḥ < śocis

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“fire; flare; burn; radiance.”

'naśvadāṃ < an

[adverb]

“not.”

'naśvadāṃ < aśva

[noun], masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

'naśvadāṃ < dām <

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“giving.”

yan < yat

[adverb]

“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

ny < ni

[adverb]

“back; down.”

ayātanā < ayātana <

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”

girim < giri

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“mountain; adri; rock; giri [word]; hill; śilājatu.”

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