Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 5.51.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋत॑धीतय॒ आ ग॑त॒ सत्य॑धर्माणो अध्व॒रम् । अ॒ग्नेः पि॑बत जि॒ह्वया॑ ॥
ऋतधीतय आ गत सत्यधर्माणो अध्वरम् । अग्नेः पिबत जिह्वया ॥
ṛtadhītaya ā gata satyadharmāṇo adhvaram | agneḥ pibata jihvayā ||

English translation:

“(Gods who are) devoutly praised and worshipped in truth, come to the sacrifice, and drink the libation with the tongue of Agni.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): svastyātreyaḥ [svastyātreya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋत॑ऽधीतयः । आ । ग॒त॒ । सत्य॑ऽधर्माणः । अ॒ध्व॒रम् । अ॒ग्नेः । पि॒ब॒त॒ । जि॒ह्वया॑ ॥
ऋतधीतयः । आ । गत । सत्यधर्माणः । अध्वरम् । अग्नेः । पिबत । जिह्वया ॥
ṛta-dhītayaḥ | ā | gata | satya-dharmāṇaḥ | adhvaram | agneḥ | pibata | jihvayā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 5.51.2 English analysis of grammar]

ṛtadhītaya < ṛta

[noun], neuter

“truth; order; fixed order; ṛta [word]; law; custom; custom.”

ṛtadhītaya < dhītayaḥ < dhīti

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“thinking; prayer; understanding.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

gata < gam

[verb], plural, Aorist imperative

“go; situate; enter (a state); travel; disappear; [in]; elapse; leave; reach; vanish; love; walk; approach; issue; hop on; gasify; get; come; die; drain; spread; transform; happen; discharge; ride; to be located; run; detect; refer; go; shall; drive.”

satyadharmāṇo < satya


“true; real; real; faithful; good.”

satyadharmāṇo < dharmāṇaḥ < dharman

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“regulation; Dharma; law; property.”

adhvaram < adhvara

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; ceremony; adhvara [word].”

agneḥ < agni

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

pibata <

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

jihvayā < jihvā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“tongue; tongue; jihvā [word]; fire.”

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: