Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 4.31.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स्माक॑मुत्त॒मं कृ॑धि॒ श्रवो॑ दे॒वेषु॑ सूर्य । वर्षि॑ष्ठं॒ द्यामि॑वो॒परि॑ ॥
अस्माकमुत्तमं कृधि श्रवो देवेषु सूर्य । वर्षिष्ठं द्यामिवोपरि ॥
asmākam uttamaṃ kṛdhi śravo deveṣu sūrya | varṣiṣṭhaṃ dyām ivopari ||

English translation:

Sūrya, make our fame exalted among the gods, as (you have plural ced) the sky, the shedder of most copious rain, above (all other regions). ”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स्माक॑म् । उ॒त्ऽत॒मम् । कृ॒धि॒ । श्रवः॑ । दे॒वेषु॑ । सू॒र्य॒ । वर्षि॑ष्ठम् । द्याम्ऽइ॑व । उ॒परि॑ ॥
अस्माकम् । उत्तमम् । कृधि । श्रवः । देवेषु । सूर्य । वर्षिष्ठम् । द्याम्इव । उपरि ॥
asmākam | ut-tamam | kṛdhi | śravaḥ | deveṣu | sūrya | varṣiṣṭham | dyām-iva | upari

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.31.15 English analysis of grammar]

asmākam < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

uttamaṃ < uttamam < uttama

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“best; excellent; highest; better; extreme; last; first; topmost; chief(a); higher; highest; maximal; uttama [word]; prevailing; finest.”

kṛdhi < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

śravo < śravaḥ < śravas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“fame; glory; ear.”

deveṣu < deva

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“sun; Surya; sūrya [word]; right nostril; twelve; Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sūryakānta; sunlight; best.”

varṣiṣṭhaṃ < varṣiṣṭham < varṣiṣṭha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


dyām < div

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

ivopari < iva


“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

ivopari < upari


“above; up; additionally; upari [word]; subsequently.”

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