Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 4.30.16

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त त्यं पु॒त्रम॒ग्रुव॒: परा॑वृक्तं श॒तक्र॑तुः । उ॒क्थेष्विन्द्र॒ आभ॑जत् ॥
उत त्यं पुत्रमग्रुवः परावृक्तं शतक्रतुः । उक्थेष्विन्द्र आभजत् ॥
uta tyam putram agruvaḥ parāvṛktaṃ śatakratuḥ | uktheṣv indra ābhajat ||

English translation:

“You, Indra, who are Śatakratu, have made Parāvṛj, the son of Agru, participant in sacred hymns.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त । त्यम् । पु॒त्रम् । अ॒ग्रुवः॑ । परा॑ऽवृक्तम् । श॒तऽक्र॑तुः । उ॒क्थेषु॑ । इन्द्रः॑ । आ । अ॒भ॒ज॒त् ॥
उत । त्यम् । पुत्रम् । अग्रुवः । परावृक्तम् । शतक्रतुः । उक्थेषु । इन्द्रः । आ । अभजत् ॥
uta | tyam | putram | agruvaḥ | parāvṛktam | śata-kratuḥ | uktheṣu | indraḥ | ā | abhajat

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.30.16 English analysis of grammar]



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

tyam < tya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


putram < putra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“son; putra [word]; male child; Putra; Bodhisattva.”

agruvaḥ < agrū

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine

“unmarried woman; spinster; virgin.”

parāvṛktaṃ < parāvṛktam < parāvṛj < √vṛj

[verb noun], accusative, singular

śatakratuḥ < śatakratu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


uktheṣv < uktheṣu < uktha

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“hymn; praise; uktha [word]; encomium.”

indra < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

ābhajat < ābhaj < √bhaj

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“partake; share.”

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