Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 4.15.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ए॒ष वां॑ देवावश्विना कुमा॒रः सा॑हदे॒व्यः । दी॒र्घायु॑रस्तु॒ सोम॑कः ॥
एष वां देवावश्विना कुमारः साहदेव्यः । दीर्घायुरस्तु सोमकः ॥
eṣa vāṃ devāv aśvinā kumāraḥ sāhadevyaḥ | dīrghāyur astu somakaḥ ||

English translation:

“Divine Aśvins, may this prince, Somaka, the son of Sahadeva, your (worshipper), enjoy long life.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ए॒षः । वा॒म् । दे॒वौ॒ । अ॒श्वि॒ना॒ । कु॒मा॒रः । सा॒ह॒ऽदे॒व्यः । दी॒र्घऽआ॑युः । अ॒स्तु॒ । सोम॑कः ॥
एषः । वाम् । देवौ । अश्विना । कुमारः । साहदेव्यः । दीर्घआयुः । अस्तु । सोमकः ॥
eṣaḥ | vām | devau | aśvinā | kumāraḥ | sāha-devyaḥ | dīrgha-āyuḥ | astu | somakaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.15.9 English analysis of grammar]

eṣa < etad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); etad [word].”

vāṃ < vām < tvad

[noun], dative, dual

“you.”

devāv < devau < deva

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

aśvinā < aśvin

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; two.”

kumāraḥ < kumāra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“prince; male child; child; Skanda; son; kumārabandha; kumāra [word]; young person.”

sāhadevyaḥ < sāhadevya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

dīrghāyur < dīrgha

[noun]

“long; long; long; large; far; deep; dīrgha [word].”

dīrghāyur < āyuḥ < āyus

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

astu < as

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

somakaḥ < somaka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Somaka.”

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