Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 4.15.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒यं यः सृञ्ज॑ये पु॒रो दै॑ववा॒ते स॑मि॒ध्यते॑ । द्यु॒माँ अ॑मित्र॒दम्भ॑नः ॥
अयं यः सृञ्जये पुरो दैववाते समिध्यते । द्युमाँ अमित्रदम्भनः ॥
ayaṃ yaḥ sṛñjaye puro daivavāte samidhyate | dyumām̐ amitradambhanaḥ ||

English translation:

“Radiant as this Agni, the subduer of foes, who is kindled on the (altar) of the cast as (he was kindled) for Sṛñjaya, the son of Devavāta.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Sṛñjayas are a people in the west of India: Viṣṇupurāṇa


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒यम् । यः । सृञ्ज॑ये । पु॒रः । दै॒व॒ऽवा॒ते । स॒म्ऽइ॒ध्यते॑ । द्यु॒ऽमान् । अ॒मि॒त्र॒ऽदम्भ॑नः ॥
अयम् । यः । सृञ्जये । पुरः । दैववाते । सम्इध्यते । द्युमान् । अमित्रदम्भनः ॥
ayam | yaḥ | sṛñjaye | puraḥ | daiva-vāte | sam-idhyate | dyu-mān | amitra-dambhanaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.15.4 English analysis of grammar]

ayaṃ < ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

sṛñjaye < sṛñjaya

[noun], locative, singular, masculine


puro < puras


“ahead; puras [word]; easterly; eastward; east; earlier.”

daivavāte < daivavāta

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

samidhyate < samindh < √indh

[verb], singular, Indikativ Pr¦s. Passiv

“kindle; blaze.”

dyumāṃ < dyumat

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bright; brilliant; brilliant; loud.”

amitradambhanaḥ < amitra

[noun], masculine

“enemy; foe.”

amitradambhanaḥ < dambhanaḥ < dambhana

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


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