Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 4.9.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वेषि॒ ह्य॑ध्वरीय॒तामु॑पव॒क्ता जना॑नाम् । ह॒व्या च॒ मानु॑षाणाम् ॥
वेषि ह्यध्वरीयतामुपवक्ता जनानाम् । हव्या च मानुषाणाम् ॥
veṣi hy adhvarīyatām upavaktā janānām | havyā ca mānuṣāṇām ||

English translation:

“You, who are the director (of the ceremonial), accept the oblations of devoutly-worshipping men the descendants of Manu.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

The director of the ceremonial: upavaktā, the priest who pronounces the formulae of sacrifice, or he may be the Brahmā, or the Sadasya, directing what is to be done


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): tripādgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वेषि॑ । हि । अ॒ध्व॒रि॒ऽय॒ताम् । उ॒प॒ऽव॒क्ता । जना॑नाम् । ह॒व्या । च॒ । मानु॑षाणाम् ॥
वेषि । हि । अध्वरियताम् । उपवक्ता । जनानाम् । हव्या । च । मानुषाणाम् ॥
veṣi | hi | adhvari-yatām | upa-vaktā | janānām | havyā | ca | mānuṣāṇām

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.9.5 English analysis of grammar]

veṣi <

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“approach; ask; desire; go; drive.”

hy < hi


“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

adhvarīyatām < adhvarīy

[verb noun], genitive, plural


upavaktā < upavaktṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

janānām < jana

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“people; national; man; relative; jan; Janaloka; person; jana [word]; man; attendant; Jana; foreigner; inhabitant; group.”

havyā < havya

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“Havya; offering; havya [word].”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

mānuṣāṇām < mānuṣa

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“man; man.”

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