Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 3.59.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मि॒त्रस्य॑ चर्षणी॒धृतोऽवो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ सान॒सि । द्यु॒म्नं चि॒त्रश्र॑वस्तमम् ॥
मित्रस्य चर्षणीधृतोऽवो देवस्य सानसि । द्युम्नं चित्रश्रवस्तमम् ॥
mitrasya carṣaṇīdhṛto 'vo devasya sānasi | dyumnaṃ citraśravastamam ||

English translation:

“Desirable food and most renowned wealth are (the gifts) of the divine Mitra, the supporter of man.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Yajus. 2.62;

Avaḥ = protection; or, annam, food;

Dyumnam = dhanam, wealth; or, fame or food, yaśo annam vā; the epithet sanasi = sarvaiḥ sambhajanīyam; or, santānam, eternal; from sanasi = purāṇa, old


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gopavana ātreyaḥ saptavadhrirvā [gopavana ātreya saptavadhrirvā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitraḥ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मि॒त्रस्य॑ । च॒र्ष॒णि॒ऽधृतः॑ । अवः॑ । दे॒वस्य॑ । सा॒न॒सि । द्यु॒म्नम् । चि॒त्रश्र॑वःऽतमम् ॥
मित्रस्य । चर्षणिधृतः । अवः । देवस्य । सानसि । द्युम्नम् । चित्रश्रवःतमम् ॥
mitrasya | carṣaṇi-dhṛtaḥ | avaḥ | devasya | sānasi | dyumnam | citraśravaḥ-tamam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 3.59.6 English analysis of grammar]

mitrasya < mitra

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

carṣaṇīdhṛto < carṣaṇī

[noun], feminine

carṣaṇīdhṛto < dhṛtaḥ < dhṛt

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine


'vo < avaḥ < avas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“aid; favor; protection.”

devasya < deva

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”


[noun], nominative, singular, neuter


dyumnaṃ < dyumnam < dyumna

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter


citraśravastamam < citraśravastama

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

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