Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 3.39.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रं॑ म॒तिर्हृ॒द आ व॒च्यमा॒नाच्छा॒ पतिं॒ स्तोम॑तष्टा जिगाति । या जागृ॑विर्वि॒दथे॑ श॒स्यमा॒नेन्द्र॒ यत्ते॒ जाय॑ते वि॒द्धि तस्य॑ ॥
इन्द्रं मतिर्हृद आ वच्यमानाच्छा पतिं स्तोमतष्टा जिगाति । या जागृविर्विदथे शस्यमानेन्द्र यत्ते जायते विद्धि तस्य ॥
indram matir hṛda ā vacyamānācchā patiṃ stomataṣṭā jigāti | yā jāgṛvir vidathe śasyamānendra yat te jāyate viddhi tasya ||

English translation:

“The praise that is prompted by the heart, and is uttered by the reciters of sacred hymns, proceeds to the presence of the lord, and is his awakener when repeated at the sacrifice; be cognizant Indra, of this praise, which is born for you.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gopavana ātreyaḥ saptavadhrirvā [gopavana ātreya saptavadhrirvā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāṭtrisṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्र॑म् । म॒तिः । हृ॒दः । आ । व॒च्यमा॑ना । अच्छ॑ । पति॑म् । स्तोम॑ऽतष्टा । जि॒गा॒ति॒ । या । जागृ॑विः । वि॒दथे॑ । श॒स्यमा॑ना । इन्द्र॑ । यत् । ते॒ । जाय॑ते । वि॒द्धि । तस्य॑ ॥
इन्द्रम् । मतिः । हृदः । आ । वच्यमाना । अच्छ । पतिम् । स्तोमतष्टा । जिगाति । या । जागृविः । विदथे । शस्यमाना । इन्द्र । यत् । ते । जायते । विद्धि । तस्य ॥
indram | matiḥ | hṛdaḥ | ā | vacyamānā | accha | patim | stoma-taṣṭā | jigāti | yā | jāgṛviḥ | vidathe | śasyamānā | indra | yat | te | jāyate | viddhi | tasya

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 3.39.1 English analysis of grammar]

indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

matir < matiḥ < mati

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“intelligence; decision; mind; hymn; purpose; idea; opinion; belief; desire; wish; conviction; plan; devotion.”

hṛda < hṛdaḥ < hṛd

[noun], ablative, singular, neuter

“heart; heart; mind; breast; hṛd [word].”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

vacyamānācchā < vacyamānā < vañc

[verb noun], nominative, singular

vacyamānācchā < acchā


“towards; accha [prefix].”

patiṃ < patim < pati

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“husband; overlord; king; deity; īśvara; ruler; pati [word]; commanding officer; leader; owner; mayor; lord.”

stomataṣṭā < stoma

[noun], masculine

“hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

stomataṣṭā < taṣṭā < takṣ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“produce; shape; fashion; chisel; invent.”

jigāti <

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“go; enter (a state); arrive.”

< yad

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

jāgṛvir < jāgṛviḥ < jāgṛvi

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“attentive; argus-eyed; light.”

vidathe < vidatha

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“meeting; wisdom; council.”

śasyamānendra < śasyamānā < śaṃs

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“recommend; tell; praise; approve; communicate; recite; commend; bode; name; agree.”

śasyamānendra < indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

yat < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

te < tvad

[noun], dative, singular


jāyate < jan

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

viddhi < vid

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

tasya < tad

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

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