Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 3.32.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त इन्न्व॑स्य॒ मधु॑मद्विविप्र॒ इन्द्र॑स्य॒ शर्धो॑ म॒रुतो॒ य आस॑न् । येभि॑र्वृ॒त्रस्ये॑षि॒तो वि॒वेदा॑म॒र्मणो॒ मन्य॑मानस्य॒ मर्म॑ ॥
त इन्न्वस्य मधुमद्विविप्र इन्द्रस्य शर्धो मरुतो य आसन् । येभिर्वृत्रस्येषितो विवेदामर्मणो मन्यमानस्य मर्म ॥
ta in nv asya madhumad vivipra indrasya śardho maruto ya āsan | yebhir vṛtrasyeṣito vivedāmarmaṇo manyamānasya marma ||

English translation:

“Those were the Maruts who were the strength of Indra, and genitive ly encouraged him; animated by whom he pierced the vital part of Vṛtra, fancying himself vulnerable.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gopavana ātreyaḥ saptavadhrirvā [gopavana ātreya saptavadhrirvā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): bhurikpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ते । इत् । नु । अ॒स्य॒ । मधु॑ऽमत् । वि॒वि॒प्रे॒ । इन्द्र॑स्य । शर्धः॑ । म॒रुतः॑ । ये । आस॑न् । येभिः॑ । वृ॒त्रस्य॑ । इ॒षि॒तः । वि॒वेद॑ । अ॒म॒र्मणः॑ । मन्य॑मानस्य । मर्म॑ ॥
ते । इत् । नु । अस्य । मधुमत् । विविप्रे । इन्द्रस्य । शर्धः । मरुतः । ये । आसन् । येभिः । वृत्रस्य । इषितः । विवेद । अमर्मणः । मन्यमानस्य । मर्म ॥
te | it | nu | asya | madhu-mat | vivipre | indrasya | śardhaḥ | marutaḥ | ye | āsan | yebhiḥ | vṛtrasya | iṣitaḥ | viveda | amarmaṇaḥ | manyamānasya | marma

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 3.32.4 English analysis of grammar]

ta < te < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

in < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

nv < nu


“now; already.”

asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

madhumad < madhumat

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“sweet; honeyed; sweet; pleasant.”

vivipra < vivipre < vip

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative


indrasya < indra

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

śardho < śardhaḥ < śardhas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter


maruto < marutaḥ < marut

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

ya < ye < yad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

āsan < as

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

yebhir < yebhiḥ < yad

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

vṛtrasyeṣito < vṛtrasya < vṛtra

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Vṛtra; vṛtra [word].”

vṛtrasyeṣito < iṣitaḥ < iṣay < √iṣ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

vivedāmarmaṇo < viveda < vid

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“find; detect; marry; get; think.”

vivedāmarmaṇo < amarmaṇaḥ < amarman

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine


manyamānasya < man

[verb noun], genitive, singular

“think of; name; believe; teach; honor; deem; recommend; approve; think; define; call; respect; believe; enumerate; understand; see; describe.”

marma < marman

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“marman; secret; secret; mystery; vulnerability.”

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