Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 2.41.17

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वे विश्वा॑ सरस्वति श्रि॒तायूं॑षि दे॒व्याम् । शु॒नहो॑त्रेषु मत्स्व प्र॒जां दे॑वि दिदिड्ढि नः ॥
त्वे विश्वा सरस्वति श्रितायूंषि देव्याम् । शुनहोत्रेषु मत्स्व प्रजां देवि दिदिड्ढि नः ॥
tve viśvā sarasvati śritāyūṃṣi devyām | śunahotreṣu matsva prajāṃ devi didiḍḍhi naḥ ||

English translation:

“In you, Sarasvatī, who are divine, all existences are collected; rejoice, goddess, among the Śunahotras, grant us, goddess, progeny.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): sarasvatī;
Chandas (meter): uṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वे । विश्वा॑ । स॒र॒स्व॒ति॒ । श्रि॒ता । आयूं॑षि । दे॒व्याम् । शु॒नऽहो॑त्रेषु । म॒त्स्व॒ । प्र॒ऽजाम् । दे॒वि॒ । दि॒दि॒ड्ढि॒ । नः॒ ॥
त्वे । विश्वा । सरस्वति । श्रिता । आयूंषि । देव्याम् । शुनहोत्रेषु । मत्स्व । प्रजाम् । देवि । दिदिड्ढि । नः ॥
tve | viśvā | sarasvati | śritā | āyūṃṣi | devyām | śuna-hotreṣu | matsva | pra-jām | devi | didiḍḍhi | naḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.17 English analysis of grammar]

tve < tvad

[noun], locative, singular


viśvā < viśva

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

sarasvati < sarasvatī

[noun], vocative, singular, feminine

“Sarasvati; Sarasvatī; language; voice; speech; eloquence; balloon vine; river.”

śritāyūṃṣi < śritā < śri

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“situate; dwell; go; lurk; reach; rear; repose; cling to.”

śritāyūṃṣi < āyūṃṣi < āyus

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

devyām < devī

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“Parvati; queen; goddess; Devi.”

śunahotreṣu < śunahotra

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

matsva < mad

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“rut; intoxicate; delight; revel; rejoice; drink; ramp; exult.”

prajāṃ < prajām < prajā

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“people; offspring; being; national; man; prajā [word]; creature; child; descendants; population; race; animal.”

devi < devī

[noun], vocative, singular, feminine

“Parvati; queen; goddess; Devi.”

didiḍḍhi < diś

[verb], singular, Perfect imperative

“describe; give; give; teach.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

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