Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 2.41.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्र॑ज्येष्ठा॒ मरु॑द्गणा॒ देवा॑स॒: पूष॑रातयः । विश्वे॒ मम॑ श्रुता॒ हव॑म् ॥
इन्द्रज्येष्ठा मरुद्गणा देवासः पूषरातयः । विश्वे मम श्रुता हवम् ॥
indrajyeṣṭhā marudgaṇā devāsaḥ pūṣarātayaḥ | viśve mama śrutā havam ||

English translation:

Maruts, of whom Indra is the chief; divinities, of whom Pūṣan. is benefactor; do you all hear my invocation.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्र॑ऽज्येष्ठाः । मरु॑त्ऽगणाः । देवा॑सः । पूष॑ऽरातयः । विश्वे॑ । मम॑ । श्रु॒त॒ । हव॑म् ॥
इन्द्रज्येष्ठाः । मरुत्गणाः । देवासः । पूषरातयः । विश्वे । मम । श्रुत । हवम् ॥
indra-jyeṣṭhāḥ | marut-gaṇāḥ | devāsaḥ | pūṣa-rātayaḥ | viśve | mama | śruta | havam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.15 English analysis of grammar]

indrajyeṣṭhā < indra

[noun], masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrajyeṣṭhā < jyeṣṭhāḥ < jyeṣṭha

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“firstborn; best; first; excellent; highest; jyeṣṭha [word].”

marudgaṇā < marut

[noun], masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

marudgaṇā < gaṇāḥ < gaṇa

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“group; varga; troop; troop; battalion; flock; herd; gaṇa [word]; corporation; gaṇa; herd; sect; swarm; set; party; gaṇa; series; Ganesa; flight.”

devāsaḥ < deva

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

pūṣarātayaḥ < pūṣa < pūṣan

[noun], masculine

“Pushan; pūṣan [word]; sun.”

pūṣarātayaḥ < rātayaḥ < rāti

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“gift; bounty; favor.”

viśve < viśva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

mama < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

śrutā < śru

[verb], plural, Aorist imperative

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

havam < hava

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


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