Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.41.14

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ती॒व्रो वो॒ मधु॑माँ अ॒यं शु॒नहो॑त्रेषु मत्स॒रः । ए॒तं पि॑बत॒ काम्य॑म् ॥
तीव्रो वो मधुमाँ अयं शुनहोत्रेषु मत्सरः । एतं पिबत काम्यम् ॥
tīvro vo madhumām̐ ayaṃ śunahotreṣu matsaraḥ | etam pibata kāmyam ||

English translation:

“This sharp, savoury, exhilarating (beverage), is (prepared) for you by the Śunahotras; drink of it at your plural asure.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ती॒व्रः । वः॒ । मधु॑ऽमान् । अ॒यम् । शु॒नऽहो॑त्रेषु । म॒त्स॒रः । ए॒तम् । पि॒ब॒त॒ । काम्य॑म् ॥
तीव्रः । वः । मधुमान् । अयम् । शुनहोत्रेषु । मत्सरः । एतम् । पिबत । काम्यम् ॥
tīvraḥ | vaḥ | madhu-mān | ayam | śuna-hotreṣu | matsaraḥ | etam | pibata | kāmyam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.14 English analysis of grammar]

tīvro < tīvraḥ < tīvra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“intense; severe; pungent; acute; potent; loud.”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], dative, plural

“you.”

madhumāṃ < madhumat

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“sweet; honeyed; sweet; pleasant.”

ayaṃ < ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

śunahotreṣu < śunahotra

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

matsaraḥ < matsara

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“intoxicant; invigorating; hostile.”

etam < etad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); etad [word].”

pibata <

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

kāmyam < kāmya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“desirable; optional; beautiful.”

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