Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.41.10

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रो॑ अ॒ङ्ग म॒हद्भ॒यम॒भी षदप॑ चुच्यवत् । स हि स्थि॒रो विच॑र्षणिः ॥
इन्द्रो अङ्ग महद्भयमभी षदप चुच्यवत् । स हि स्थिरो विचर्षणिः ॥
indro aṅga mahad bhayam abhī ṣad apa cucyavat | sa hi sthiro vicarṣaṇiḥ ||

English translation:

“May Indra, dissipate all great and overpowering danger, for he is resolute, and the beholder of all.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रः॑ । अ॒ङ्ग । म॒हत् । भ॒यम् । अ॒भि । सत् । अप॑ । चु॒च्य॒व॒त् । सः । हि । स्थि॒रः । विऽच॑र्षणिः ॥
इन्द्रः । अङ्ग । महत् । भयम् । अभि । सत् । अप । चुच्यवत् । सः । हि । स्थिरः । विचर्षणिः ॥
indraḥ | aṅga | mahat | bhayam | abhi | sat | apa | cucyavat | saḥ | hi | sthiraḥ | vi-carṣaṇiḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.10 English analysis of grammar]

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”



“in truth; aṅga [word]; entirely; merely.”

mahad < mahat

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“large; eminent; great; loud; dangerous; strong; long; high; much(a); mahant [word]; ample; very; great; adult; important; dark; high; abundant; violent; remarkable; mighty; big; long.”

bhayam < bhaya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“fear; danger; danger; bhaya [word]; distress; apprehension; alarm; apprehension.”

abhī < abhi


“towards; on.”

ṣad < sat < as

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”




cucyavat < cyu

[verb], singular, Perfect injunctive

“fall down; issue; shoot; ejaculate; deviate; banish; drop; dislodge; miss; deprive.”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”



“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

sthiro < sthiraḥ < sthira

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“firm; hard; lasting; calm; stable; immovable; firm; strong; sthira [word]; vegetable; potent; steadfast; durable; firm; trustworthy; trustworthy; diligent.”

vicarṣaṇiḥ < vicarṣaṇi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


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