Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.40.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

धियं॑ पू॒षा जि॑न्वतु विश्वमि॒न्वो र॒यिं सोमो॑ रयि॒पति॑र्दधातु । अव॑तु दे॒व्यदि॑तिरन॒र्वा बृ॒हद्व॑देम वि॒दथे॑ सु॒वीरा॑: ॥
धियं पूषा जिन्वतु विश्वमिन्वो रयिं सोमो रयिपतिर्दधातु । अवतु देव्यदितिरनर्वा बृहद्वदेम विदथे सुवीराः ॥
dhiyam pūṣā jinvatu viśvaminvo rayiṃ somo rayipatir dadhātu | avatu devy aditir anarvā bṛhad vadema vidathe suvīrāḥ ||

English translation:

“May Pūṣaṇ, who is the benefactor of all, be propitious to (this pious) rite; may Soma, the lord of wealth, grant us affluence; may Aditi, who is without an adversary, protect us, so that, blessed with excellent descendants, we may worthily glorify (you) at this sacrifice.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): somāpūṣaṇāvaditiśca ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

धिय॑म् । पू॒षा । जि॒न्व॒तु॒ । वि॒श्व॒म्ऽइ॒न्वः । र॒यिम् । सोमः॑ । र॒यि॒ऽपतिः॑ । द॒धा॒तु॒ । अव॑तु । दे॒वी । अदि॑तिः । अ॒न॒र्वा । बृ॒हत् । व॒दे॒म॒ । वि॒दथे॑ । सु॒ऽवीराः॑ ॥
धियम् । पूषा । जिन्वतु । विश्वम्इन्वः । रयिम् । सोमः । रयिपतिः । दधातु । अवतु । देवी । अदितिः । अनर्वा । बृहत् । वदेम । विदथे । सुवीराः ॥
dhiyam | pūṣā | jinvatu | viśvam-invaḥ | rayim | somaḥ | rayi-patiḥ | dadhātu | avatu | devī | aditiḥ | anarvā | bṛhat | vadema | vidathe | su-vīrāḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.40.6 English analysis of grammar]

dhiyam < dhī

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“intelligence; prayer; mind; insight; idea; hymn; purpose; art; knowledge.”

pūṣā < pūṣan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Pushan; pūṣan [word]; sun.”

jinvatu < jinv

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“enliven; animate.”

viśvaminvo < viśvaminvaḥ < viśvaminva

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

rayiṃ < rayim < rayi

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“wealth; property.”

somo < somaḥ < soma

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

rayipatir < rayi

[noun], masculine

“wealth; property.”

rayipatir < patiḥ < pati

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“husband; overlord; king; deity; īśvara; ruler; pati [word]; commanding officer; leader; owner; mayor; lord.”

dadhātu < dhā

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

avatu < av

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“support; help; prefer; prefer; like.”

devy < devī

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Parvati; queen; goddess; Devi.”

aditir < aditiḥ < aditi

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Aditi; aditi [word].”

anarvā < anarvan

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“unchallenged; unrivaled.”

bṛhad < bṛhat

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“large; great; loud; high; much(a); exalted; abundant; intensive; strong; huge.”

vadema < vad

[verb], plural, Present optative

“describe; teach; speak; tell; say; call; name; enumerate; declare; diagnose; address; say; pronounce; express; instruct; order.”

vidathe < vidatha

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“meeting; wisdom; council.”

suvīrāḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suvīrāḥ < vīrāḥ < vīra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“hero; man; Vīra; vīra; vīra [word]; Vīra.”

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