Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.32.7

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

या सु॑बा॒हुः स्व॑ङ्गु॒रिः सु॒षूमा॑ बहु॒सूव॑री । तस्यै॑ वि॒श्पत्न्यै॑ ह॒विः सि॑नीवा॒ल्यै जु॑होतन ॥
या सुबाहुः स्वङ्गुरिः सुषूमा बहुसूवरी । तस्यै विश्पत्न्यै हविः सिनीवाल्यै जुहोतन ॥
yā subāhuḥ svaṅguriḥ suṣūmā bahusūvarī | tasyai viśpatnyai haviḥ sinīvālyai juhotana ||

English translation:

“Offer the oblation to that Sinīvālī, the protectress of mankind who has beautiful arms, beautiful fingers, who is the parent of many children, and who has numerous children.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): sinīvālī ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍanuṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

या । सु॒ऽबा॒हुः । सु॒ऽअ॒ङ्गु॒रिः । सु॒ऽसूमा॑ । ब॒हु॒ऽसूव॑री । तस्यै॑ । वि॒श्पत्न्यै॑ । ह॒विः । सि॒नी॒वा॒ल्यै । जु॒हो॒त॒न॒ ॥
या । सुबाहुः । सुअङ्गुरिः । सुसूमा । बहुसूवरी । तस्यै । विश्पत्न्यै । हविः । सिनीवाल्यै । जुहोतन ॥
yā | su-bāhuḥ | su-aṅguriḥ | su-sūmā | bahu-sūvarī | tasyai | viśpatnyai | haviḥ | sinīvālyai | juhotana

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.32.7 English analysis of grammar]

< yad

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

subāhuḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

subāhuḥ < bāhuḥ < bāhu

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“arm; bāhu [word]; elbow; forefoot.”

svaṅguriḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

svaṅguriḥ < aṅguriḥ < aṅguri

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine



[noun], nominative, singular, feminine


[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

tasyai < tad

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

viśpatnyai < viś

[noun], feminine

“people; tribe; Vaisya; national; viś; real property; Vaisya.”

viśpatnyai < patnyai < patnī

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“wife; mistress; queen.”

haviḥ < havis

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Havya; offering; ghee; havis [word].”

sinīvālyai < sinīvālī

[noun], dative, singular, feminine


juhotana < hu

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“sacrifice; offer; pour; worship.”

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