Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.14.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अध्व॑र्यवो॒ यन्न॑रः का॒मया॑ध्वे श्रु॒ष्टी वह॑न्तो नशथा॒ तदिन्द्रे॑ । गभ॑स्तिपूतं भरत श्रु॒तायेन्द्रा॑य॒ सोमं॑ यज्यवो जुहोत ॥
अध्वर्यवो यन्नरः कामयाध्वे श्रुष्टी वहन्तो नशथा तदिन्द्रे । गभस्तिपूतं भरत श्रुतायेन्द्राय सोमं यज्यवो जुहोत ॥
adhvaryavo yan naraḥ kāmayādhve śruṣṭī vahanto naśathā tad indre | gabhastipūtam bharata śrutāyendrāya somaṃ yajyavo juhota ||

English translation:

“Priests, leaders (of the ceremony), may you, quickly bringing the offering to Indra, receive that (recompense) which you may desire; solemnizing the sacrifice, offer the Soma, purified by expressing, to the renowned Indra.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अध्व॑र्यवः । यत् । न॒रः॒ । का॒मया॑ध्वे । श्रु॒ष्टी । वह॑न्तः । न॒श॒थ॒ । तत् । इन्द्रे॑ । गभ॑स्तिऽपूतम् । भ॒र॒त॒ । श्रु॒ताय॑ । इन्द्रा॑य॒ । सोम॑म् । य॒ज्य॒वः॒ । जु॒हो॒त॒ ॥
अध्वर्यवः । यत् । नरः । कामयाध्वे । श्रुष्टी । वहन्तः । नशथ । तत् । इन्द्रे । गभस्तिपूतम् । भरत । श्रुताय । इन्द्राय । सोमम् । यज्यवः । जुहोत ॥
adhvaryavaḥ | yat | naraḥ | kāmayādhve | śruṣṭī | vahantaḥ | naśatha | tat | indre | gabhasti-pūtam | bharata | śrutāya | indrāya | somam | yajyavaḥ | juhota

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.14.8 English analysis of grammar]

adhvaryavo < adhvaryavaḥ < adhvaryu

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Adhvaryu; adhvaryu [word]; Yajur-Veda.”

yan < yat < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

naraḥ < nṛ

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“man; man; nṛ [word]; crew; masculine.”

kāmayādhve < kāmay < √kam

[verb], plural, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“desire; love.”

śruṣṭī < śruṣṭi

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

vahanto < vahantaḥ < vah

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“transport; bring; marry; run; drive; vāhay; drive; run; pull; nirvāpay; blow; transport; discharge; assume; remove.”

naśathā < naś

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“reach; achieve; enter (a state); reach.”

tad < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

indre < indra

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

gabhastipūtam < gabhasti

[noun], masculine

“beam; hand; sun.”

gabhastipūtam < pūtam <

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

bharata < bhṛ

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

śrutāyendrāya < śrutāya < śru

[verb noun], dative, singular

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

śrutāyendrāya < indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

somaṃ < somam < soma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

yajyavo < yajyavaḥ < yajyu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine


juhota < hu

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“sacrifice; offer; pour; worship.”

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