Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.12.10

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः शश्व॑तो॒ मह्येनो॒ दधा॑ना॒नम॑न्यमाना॒ञ्छर्वा॑ ज॒घान॑ । यः शर्ध॑ते॒ नानु॒ददा॑ति शृ॒ध्यां यो दस्यो॑र्ह॒न्ता स ज॑नास॒ इन्द्र॑: ॥
यः शश्वतो मह्येनो दधानानमन्यमानाञ्छर्वा जघान । यः शर्धते नानुददाति शृध्यां यो दस्योर्हन्ता स जनास इन्द्रः ॥
yaḥ śaśvato mahy eno dadhānān amanyamānāñ charvā jaghāna | yaḥ śardhate nānudadāti śṛdhyāṃ yo dasyor hantā sa janāsa indraḥ ||

English translation:

“He, who with the thunderbolt has destroyed many committing great sin, and offering (him) no homage; who grants not success to the confident; who is the slayer of the Dasyus; he, men, is Indra.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः । शश्व॑तः । महि॑ । एनः॑ । दधा॑नान् । अम॑न्यमानान् । शर्वा॑ । ज॒घान॑ । यः । शर्ध॑ते । न । अ॒नु॒ऽददा॑ति । शृ॒ध्याम् । यः । दस्योः॑ । ह॒न्ता । सः । ज॒ना॒सः॒ । इन्द्रः॑ ॥
यः । शश्वतः । महि । एनः । दधानान् । अमन्यमानान् । शर्वा । जघान । यः । शर्धते । न । अनुददाति । शृध्याम् । यः । दस्योः । हन्ता । सः । जनासः । इन्द्रः ॥
yaḥ | śaśvataḥ | mahi | enaḥ | dadhānān | amanyamānān | śarvā | jaghāna | yaḥ | śardhate | na | anu-dadāti | śṛdhyām | yaḥ | dasyoḥ | hantā | saḥ | janāsaḥ | indraḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.12.10 English analysis of grammar]

yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

śaśvato < śaśvataḥ < śaśvat

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“all(a); each(a).”

mahy < mahi

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“great; firm.”

eno < enaḥ < enas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“sin; calamity; blame.”

dadhānān < dhā

[verb noun], accusative, plural

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

amanyamānāñcharvā < a

[adverb]

“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

amanyamānāñcharvā < manyamānān < man

[verb noun], accusative, plural

“think of; name; believe; teach; honor; deem; recommend; approve; think; define; call; respect; believe; enumerate; understand; see; describe.”

amanyamānāñcharvā < śarvā < śaru

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“arrow.”

jaghāna < han

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“kill; cure; māray; remove; destroy; hit; injure; damage; destroy; paralyze; hurt; forge; beat; cut off; stop; overwhelm; kick; hunt; affect; strike; hammer; love; obstruct; shoot.”

yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

śardhate < śṛdh

[verb noun], dative, singular

nānudadāti < na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

nānudadāti < anudadāti < anudā < √dā

[verb], singular, Present indikative

śṛdhyāṃ < śṛdhyām < śṛdhyā

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

yo < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

dasyor < dasyoḥ < dasyu

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“savage; outcast; mugger.”

hantā < han

[verb], singular, periphrast. future

“kill; cure; māray; remove; destroy; hit; injure; damage; destroy; paralyze; hurt; forge; beat; cut off; stop; overwhelm; kick; hunt; affect; strike; hammer; love; obstruct; shoot.”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

janāsa < janāsaḥ < jana

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“people; national; man; relative; jan; Janaloka; person; jana [word]; man; attendant; Jana; foreigner; inhabitant; group.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

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